Ute-Southern Paiute


A language of United States

Alternate Names

920 (Golla 2007). 20 monolinguals (1990 census). 3 Chemehuevi on Chemehuevi Reservation, 10 on Colorado River Reservation (Hinton 1994). Ethnic population: Ute: 4,800; Southern Paiute: 1,430 (Golla 2007).


Ute dialect: southwest Colorado, and southeast and northeast Utah; Southern Paiute dialect: southwest Utah, north Arizona, and south Nevada; Chemehuevi dialect on lower Colorado river, California.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Chemehuevi, Southern Paiute, Ute.

Language Use

Tribally sponsored language programs in Ute. Mainly adults but children in San Juan are still acquiring Southern Paiute as L1 (2007).

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. No language programs in Southern Paiute. Arizona Chemehuevis have started revitalization program but few materials and no agreement on orthography (2007). Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2006.
Latin script.