Venda

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A language of South Africa

Alternate Names
Chivenda, Tshivenda
Population

1,210,000 in South Africa (2013 UNSD), increasing. L2 users: 1,700,000 in South Africa (Webb 2002). Total users in all countries: 2,994,000 (as L1: 1,294,000; as L2: 1,700,000).

Location

Northern province.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 6(1)).

Dialects

Phani, Tavha-Tsindi, Ilafuri (West Venda), Manda (Central Venda), Guvhu, Mbedzi (East Venda), Lembetu, Ronga (Southeast Venda).

Language Use

The Lembaa are a Venda-speaking Jewish people claiming Falasha descent.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Fairly low. Radio programs. Bible: 1936.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Jewish.

Also spoken in:

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