A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Annamese, Ching, Gin, Jing, Kinh, Viet

65,800,000 in Viet Nam (1999 census). Population total all countries: 67,762,060. Ethnic population: 73,600,000 (2009 census).


Widespread. Also in Australia, Cambodia, Canada, China, Taiwan, Côte d’Ivoire, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Laos, Martinique, Netherlands, New Caledonia, Norway, Philippines, Russian Federation, Senegal, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu.

Language Status

1 (National). De facto national language.


Central Vietnamese (Hue), Northern Vietnamese (Hanoi, Tonkinese), Southern Vietnamese. Numerous dialects.


SVO; prepositions; classifiers and numerals precede noun heads; possessor noun phrases and adjectives follow noun heads

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 94%. Literacy rate in L2: 80%. Fully developed. Bible: 1916–1994.
Braille script. Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script. Latin script, primary usage.
Other Comments

Kinh is an official ethnic community. Buddhist, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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