Primarily South West and North West regions; Littoral Region, Douala; Center Region, Yaounde; South West and North West regions, urban centers.
3 (Wider communication).
2,000,000 mainly L2 users (1989 UBS). Growing number of L1 speakers. Since 1884 used by police, prisons, urban school children at play. Now the most widespread lingua franca in Cameroon, used by about half the population (Todd and Mühlhäusler 1977).
Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.