Xamtanga

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A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Agawinya, Khamtanga, Simt’anga, Xamir, Xamta
Population

213,000 (2007 census). 93,900 monolinguals. L2 users: 11,000.

Location

North Amara State, Avergele district, Lasta and Waag zones, 100 km north of Weldiya; southeast Tigray State, Jirurzba area.

Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

None known. Low inherent intelligibility of Qimant [ahg]. Lexical similarity: 45% with Qimant [ahg].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Most Xamir speak Xamtanga. Xamtanga speakers association in Weldiya. Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 7%. Used in education.
Writing

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used since 1996.

Other Comments

Surrounded by Amharic [amh] and Tigrigna [tir] speakers. Different from Awngi [awn]. Glossonym: Agaw. Ethnonym: Xamir. Christian.