Xhosa

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A language of South Africa

Alternate Names
“Cauzuh” (pej.), Isixhosa, Koosa, Xosa
Population

8,150,000 in South Africa (2011 census). Population total all countries: 8,177,300. L2 users: 11,000,000 in South Africa.

Location

KwaZuluNatal Province.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 6(1)).

Dialects

Bomwana, Gaika, Gcaleka, Mpondo (Pondo), Mpondomise, Ndlambe, Thembu, Xesibe. 15% of the vocabulary estimated to be of Khoekhoe (Khoisan) origin.

Typology

Clicks.

Language Use

Also use Southern Sotho [sot], Swati [ssw], Zulu [zul].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 50%. Literacy rate in L2: 20%–25%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Magazines. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Bible: 1859.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Cauzuh is an obsolete name. Somewhat acculturated. Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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