Kenyan Sign LanguagePrint
340,000 (2007 Deaf Opportunity Outreach), increasing.
32 primary schools for the deaf in Hola, Kapsabet, Karatina, Karen, Kerugoya, Kilifi, Kisumu, Kitui, Kwale, Meru, Mombasa, Mumias, Murang’a, Nairobi, Nakuru, North Kinangop, Ruiru, Sakwa.
Mainly unrelated to other sign languages. Standardized with slight variations since 1961, when primary schools for deaf children began. Deaf in Kisumu (western Kenya) and deaf in Mombasa (eastern Kenya) understand each other even with dialect differences. Uganda and Tanzania deaf do not really understand KSL, though they have much in common.
One-handed finger-spelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]..
Used in court cases involving deaf people. The Kenya National Association of the Deaf has 12 branches. The government uses Kenya Signed English. University of Nairobi backs KSL. Little research. Church, government. Mainly those in schools and over 15 years old. Neutral attitudes.
4 churches in Nairobi: 2 use Exact Signed English, 1 a mixture of that and KSL, the other uses a mixture of Korean [kvk], American [ase], and Kenyan sign languages. Communication with those who do not know KSL is superficial only. KSL fits Kenyan culture and ties students back to their families and friends who know it.