Kgalagadi

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A language of Botswana

Alternate Names
Kgalagarhi, Kgalagari, Khalagari, Khalakadi, Kxhalaxadi, Qhalaxarzi, Shekgalagadi, Shekgalagari
Population

40,000 in Botswana (2004 R. Cook). Population total all countries: 40,100.

Location

South and central, along South Africa border, north Kgalagadi District, west Kweneng and Southern districts; Ghanzi District, Ghanzi, Kanagas, Tsotsha, Kuke, Karakobis, Ncojane, Kule, Charles Hill, New Xade, Dekar, and Grootlaagte; Northwest District, Sehitwa and Maun. Also in Namibia.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Balaongwe (Boloongwe), Kenyi (Khena), Kgalagadi (Kgalagari), Kgwatheng, Khakhae, Koma, Ngologa, Pedi, Phaleng, Rhiti, Shaga, Shelala, Siwane (Gyegwana), Tjhauba. Ngologa is the largest dialect and may be a separate language. Different from Tswana [tsn].

Typology

SVO; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word final; word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect object; verb affixes mark person and number; passives formed by suffix -w; causatives formed by suffix -is; comparative locatives; CV; tonal

Language Use

Also use Tswana [tsn], English [eng], or Afrikaans [afr].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Ages 15–29, 85% Tswana, 55% English; ages 30–54, 50% Tswana, 15% English; ages 55 and older, 20% Tswana, 2% English. Grammar.
Other Comments

Christian.