32,000 (2003 NLCI), increasing.
Tamil Nadu, Nilgiri district, Gudalur and Panthalur taluks; Karnataka, Kodagu district, Virarajendrapet and Somvarpet taluks; Mysore district, Heggadadevanakote and Piriyapatna taluks; Chamrajnagar district, Gundlupet taluk; Kerala, Wayanad district, S. Bathery, Mananthavady and Vythiri taluks.
Central Institute of Indian Languages lists Betta Kurumba as endangered. It is being studied by Annamalai University. Home, work, religion. Positive attitudes.
’Kadu Kurumba’, jungle shepherds. ‘Betta Kurumba’, hill shepherds. 3 subdivisions: Ane (elephant) Kurumba, Bevina (neem tree) Kurumba, and Kolli (fire-brand) Kurumba. A Scheduled Tribe. Hindu.