9,210 (2011 census), decreasing.
Kosi Zone, Sankhuwasabha district, Hedangna, Num, Seduwa, Peppuwa, Mangsimma, Karmarang, Tungkhaling, Uwa, Ala, Uling, and Walung villages. Eastern hills, upper Arun valley, Matsayapokhari VDC, extreme north Lorung area, directly southwest of Jaljale Mountains; Kosi Zone, Bhojpur district.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.
Language passed on to children but being steadily replaced by Nepali (Toba, Toba, and Rai 2005). Religion. Almost all are bilingual in Nepali [npi] (2002 UNESCO).
Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.