30,000 (Bradley 2007), decreasing. Ethnic population: 50,000.
Yunnan Province, Wuding (Jincheng, Jiuchang, and Chadian districts), north Fumin, north Lufeng, south Luquan counties, parts of Yongren, Dayao, Yao’an, Nanhua, Jingdong, Zhenyuan, Jinggu, and Yimen counties.
No remaining speakers in Jinning and Anning counties; declining elsewhere. Home. Neutral attitudes. Most also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].
Officially classified within Yi nationality.