30,000 (Bradley 2007), decreasing. Ethnic population: 50,000.
Yunnan Province, Wuding (Jincheng, Jiuchang, and Chadian districts), north Fumin, north Lufeng, south Luquan counties, parts of Yongren, Dayao, Yao’an, Nanhua, Jingdong, Zhenyuan, Jinggu, and Yimen counties.
7 (Shifting). Language of recognized nationality: Yi.
No remaining speakers in Jinning and Anning counties; declining elsewhere. Home. Neutral attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].