Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Upland Yuman, Upper Colorado River Yuman
Population

1,600 (Golla 2007). 500 Havasupai, 1,000 Walapai, 100 to 150 Yavapai (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 3,860 including 570 Havasupai, 1,870 Walapai, 1,420 Yavapai (Ichihashi-Nakayama 2004).

Location

Central and northwest Arizona. Walapai dialect: Grand Canyon south rim; Havasupai dialect: Grand Canyon bottom.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Havasupai, Walapai (Hualapai, Hualpai, Hwalbáy), Yavapai. 78%–98% intelligibility among dialects. Lexical similarity: 91%–95% among dialects.

Language Use

Bilingual education programs in Walapai and Havasupai. Yavapai taught in reservation school in Prescott (2007). All ages for Walapai, Havasupai, middle-aged and older for Yavapai (2007).

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Grammar. Bible portions: 1980.
Writing
Latin script.