Yukaghir, Southern


A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Forest Yukagir, Jukagir, Kolym, Kolyma, Odul, Southern Yukagir, Yukagir

370 (2010 census). Census includes Northern Yukaghir [ykg]. Ethnic population: 1,600. Census includes Southern Yukaghir [yux].


Magadanskaya Oblast’, upper Kolyma county, Nelemnoye and Zyryanka; also in Kamchatka.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).


None known. Not inherently intelligible of Northern Yukaghir [ykg].


SOV; postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives before noun heads; question word not initial or final; 2 prefixes, 6 suffixes; focus is preverbal, subjects and topics tend to be initial; affixes indicate case of noun phrases; person and number of subject is obligatory; split intransitivity: intransitive subjects encode as transitive when nonfocus, focus marked the same for intransitive subjects and direct objects, and only for those; otherwise accusative; resultative; reflexive; reciprocal; causative; comparative; CV, CVCCVV; nontonal.

Language Use

Home. Fluent speakers are 60 and older. Those over 60 also use Even [eve]. 100% also use Russian [rus]. Those above 35 also use Yakut [sah].

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.