Few speakers (Brenzinger, Heine, and Sommer 1991). Ethnic population: 657,000 (2000).
East central coast, Pwani Region, Kisarawe and Bagamoyo districts, between Bagamoyo and Dar es Salaam; also in Morogoro Region.
Shifting rapidly to Swahili [swh]. Older adults.
Latin script [Latn].
Matrilineal. Endangered in the city but passed on to children in villages surrounding Dar es Salaam. Muslim.