No known L1 speakers. Ethnic population: 20,700 (2000 CAPRO). 20,000 Zakshi (1995 CAPRO), 1,000 Boto (Gunn 1953).
Bauchi state: Toro, Dass, and Tafawa Balewa LGAs.
Boto (Bibot, Boot), Zakshi (Zaksa), Zari (Kopti, Kwapm). Dialect cluster within Barawa cluster (Crozier and Blench 1992).
Hausa [hau] is rapidly replacing the indigenous languages. (Shimizu 1978). Muslim.