Southwest Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Dejing area, Napo, Jingxi, and Debao counties; southeast Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao autonomous prefectures, Funing county, Langheng district (now in Tianbeng township), Sankeshu, Xionggu, Shangmabu, Tianfang, Getao, Gezao, Gecai, Bagan, Na’en, Longnong, and Anha villages.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Zhuang.
SVO; phonemic distinction between aspirated, unaspirated voiceless, and preglottalized voiced plosives; 6 tones on unchecked, 3–4 on checked syllables, depending on dialect.
Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], dating from Han dynasty, mainly used in non-official domains, gaining popularity.