140,000 (2007 census). Under 25% monolingual. Ethnic population: 150,000.
Southeast Yunnan Province, Qiubei county (and west edge Guangnan county), Wenshan Zhuang Miao autonomous prefecture; Qujing municipal prefecture, Shizong county, Longqing Yi-Zhuang and Wulong Zhuang autonomous districts.
All village domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.
Officially classified within Zhuang nationality. Traditional religion.