Few L1 speakers. L2 includes most Malaysian population.
Widespread in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, and Sarawak. Also in Brunei, Singapore.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1963, Constitution (amended), Article 153A(1)).
Lexical similarity: more than 80% with Indonesian [ind].
On Peninsular Malaysia, Standard Malay [zsm] exists in a diglossic relationship with Local Malay [zlm]. Standard Malay (derived from court Malay), both in terms of its linguistic structure as well as its sociolinguistic function, has its closest counterpart not in a particular Local Malay dialect but in Standard Indonesian [ind].