Zuni

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Shiwi’ma, Zuñi
Population

9,650 (2000 SIL), increasing. 2000 census lists 7,010 who use the language in the home. Few, if any, monolinguals (2000). Ethnic population: 9,650.

Location

New Mexico: south McKinley County Reservation, south of Gallup.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Language Use

Some children raised to speak the language (1998). Slowly shifting to English [eng] (Golla 2007). Home, traditional tribal council meetings, all religious ceremonies, and occasionally in religious services. Mainly adults. Positive attitudes. All also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. The Zuni Tribe has collaborated with the public school district in developing a literacy program to help preserve the written language (Golla 2007). Schools in English [eng]. Some study of oral and written Zuni in primary school. Radio programs. Films. Grammar. Bible portions: 1941–2007.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion.

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