Zhuang, Yongnan


A language of China

Alternate Names
Bou Rau, Long An, Long’an, Nung An, Southern Zhuang, Yongnan Vernacular of the Southern Dialect of the Zhuang Language, Zhuangyu nanbu fangyan Yongnan tuyu

1,800,000 in China (2000 J. Edmondson). Population total all countries: 1,810,000.


South Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south Yongning, Longan, Fusui, Shangsi, Qinzhou, and Fangcheng counties; some in Jingxi county; Yunnan Province, Funing county. Also in Viet Nam.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Most similar languages are Zuojiang Zhuang [zzj] (Nung Chao), Yongbei Zhuang [zyb], Yang Zhuang [zyg] (Nung Giang), and other Nung languages of Viet Nam. Lexical similarity: 70% with Nong [zhn], Yang [zyg], Yongnan [zyn], Zuojiang [zzj], and Dai [zhd], 65% with Yongbei Zhuang [zyb].


Voiced oral onsets have merged into nasal onsets

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains, especially in rural homes when no outsiders are present. All ages. Also use southwestern dialect of Mandarin [cmn] and Yue Chinese dialects [yue]. Many are partially or fully bilingual in one or more dialects of Chinese and often use them in business, education, government, market and other domains.

Other Comments

Officially classified within Zhuang nationality. Traditional religion, Daoist, Buddhist (Mahayana).

Also spoken in:

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