Zhuang, Yongnan

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Bou Rau, Long An, Long’an, Nung An, Southern Zhuang, Yongnan Vernacular of the Southern Dialect of the Zhuang Language, Zhuangyu nanbu fangyan Yongnan tuyu
Population

1,800,000 in China (2000 J. Edmondson). Population total all countries: 1,810,000.

Location

South Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south Yongning, Longan, Fusui, Shangsi, Qinzhou, and Fangcheng counties; some in Jingxi county; Yunnan Province, Funing county.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Zhuang.

Dialects

None known. Most similar languages are Zuojiang Zhuang [zzj] (Nung Chao), Yongbei Zhuang [zyb], Yang Zhuang [zyg] (Nung Giang), and other Nung languages of Viet Nam. Lexical similarity: 70% with Nong [zhn], Yang [zyg], Yongnan [zyn], Zuojiang [zzj], and Dai [zhd], 65% with Yongbei Zhuang [zyb]. A member of macrolanguage Zhuang [zha].

Typology

Voiced oral onsets have merged into nasal onsets.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains, especially in rural homes when no outsiders are present. All ages. Also use southwestern dialect of Mandarin [cmn]. Also use Yue Chinese dialects [yue]. Many are partially or fully bilingual in one or more dialects and often use them in business, education, government, market and other domains.

Writing

Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], dating from Han dynasty, mainly used in non-official domains, gaining popularity.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist (Mahayana), Daoist.

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