Summary by country

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Table 7 summarizes the distribution of languages and their populations within the countries of the world. The Count column gives the total count of living languages used as a first language in that country, and Percent translates that to a percentage of all living languages in the world. Unlike the preceding tables, this table counts all languages regardless of their area of origin. Therefore, no grand totals are given for these columns since the same language can be counted as being used in multiple countries. The next two columns break the language count into Indigenous languages versus Immigrant languages. The next three columns summarize populations: Total gives the total number of first-language speakers in that country for all languages for which population figures are known, Mean gives the average size of those language groups for which population figures are known, and Median gives the middle size of a language group (that is, half are larger and half are smaller). The last two columns are explained in the next paragraph.

Table 8 repeats the information in table 7 but presents the countries of the world in order of their linguistic diversity, from most diverse to least diverse. The Index column reports Greenberg’s diversity index. This is the probability that any two people of the country selected at random would have different mother tongues (Lieberson 1981). The highest possible value, 1, indicates total diversity (that is, no two people have the same mother tongue) while the lowest possible value, 0, indicates no diversity at all (that is, everyone has the same mother tongue). The computation of the diversity index is based on the population of each language as a proportion of the total population. The Coverage column indicates the completeness of the computation by reporting the percentage of languages in the country for which population estimates are available.

Table 7. Distribution of living languages in the world by country

CountryLiving languagesNumber of speakersDiversity
CountPer-
cent
Indige-
nous
Immi-
grant
TotalMeanMedianIndexCover-
age
Afghanistan 41 0.58 40 1 22,964,800 574,120 8,000 0.790 98%
Albania 10 0.14 8 2 3,003,786 300,379 15,200 0.563 100%
Algeria 21 0.30 18 3 33,001,300 2,200,087 76,300 0.354 71%
American Samoa 6 0.08 2 4 61,100 12,220 56,700 0.137 83%
Andorra 4 0.06 4 0 73,500 18,375 27,600 0.664 100%
Angola 38 0.53 38 0 16,070,730 434,344 43,900 0.778 97%
Anguilla 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 11,500 0.141 100%
Antigua and Barbuda 4 0.06 2 2 135,000 33,750 67,000 0.515 100%
Argentina 36 0.51 21 15 43,346,270 1,354,571 8,410 0.168 89%
Armenia 11 0.15 7 4 3,361,230 336,123 45,000 0.125 91%
Aruba 5 0.07 4 1 74,290 24,763 9,000 0.328 60%
Australia 244 3.43 213 31 17,573,909 74,466 29 0.211 97%
Austria 19 0.27 11 8 8,364,070 597,434 18,000 0.122 74%
Azerbaijan 37 0.52 17 20 8,400,700 247,079 20,000 0.457 92%
Bahamas 4 0.06 2 2 295,100 73,775 225,000 0.386 100%
Bahrain 12 0.17 4 8 557,600 61,956 300,000 0.663 75%
Bangladesh 45 0.63 41 4 142,218,220 3,307,400 15,000 0.386 96%
Barbados 3 0.04 2 1 269,290 89,763 256,000 0.094 100%
Belarus 11 0.15 2 9 9,463,600 946,360 6,670,000 0.447 91%
Belgium 29 0.41 10 19 12,751,700 607,224 600,000 0.697 72%
Belize 13 0.18 8 5 282,190 21,707 16,100 0.758 100%
Benin 56 0.79 54 2 7,211,670 133,549 65,000 0.929 96%
Bermuda 2 0.03 1 1 65,610 32,805 63,000 0.076 100%
Bhutan 34 0.48 24 10 712,100 25,432 5,000 0.851 82%
Bolivia 44 0.62 42 2 13,996,655 333,254 500 0.551 95%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 0.11 4 4 4,007,000 667,833 1,480,000 0.601 75%
Botswana 39 0.55 29 10 1,549,120 41,868 5,000 0.511 95%
Brazil 228 3.21 215 13 192,250,368 894,188 210 0.054 94%
British Indian Ocean Territory 1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500 0.000 100%
British Virgin Islands 2 0.03 2 0 21,700 10,850 19,700 0.167 100%
Brunei 17 0.24 15 2 345,195 24,657 10,000 0.590 82%
Bulgaria 17 0.24 11 6 7,970,840 569,346 10,600 0.217 82%
Burkina Faso 71 1.00 69 2 10,755,830 162,967 21,000 0.762 93%
Burundi 4 0.06 3 1 10,009,460 2,502,365 6,360 0.002 100%
Cambodia 27 0.38 22 5 13,728,360 572,015 6,540 0.116 89%
Cameroon 281 3.95 280 1 9,001,726 33,217 9,000 0.972 96%
Canada 173 2.43 88 85 32,882,142 213,520 410 0.601 89%
Cape Verde Islands 2 0.03 2 0 492,000 492,000 492,000 ? 50%
Caribbean Netherlands 5 0.07 5 0 4,500 4,500 4,500 ? 20%
Cayman Islands 3 0.04 1 2 43,010 14,337 20,000 0.547 100%
Central African Republic 84 1.18 72 12 3,478,823 45,180 17,700 0.959 92%
Chad 132 1.86 131 1 6,593,859 55,411 12,300 0.945 90%
Chile 16 0.23 10 6 14,137,613 1,285,238 8,200 0.047 69%
China 301 4.24 298 3 1,212,660,788 4,124,697 27,700 0.511 98%
Colombia 87 1.22 84 3 42,759,220 521,454 1,100 0.021 94%
Comoros 6 0.08 6 0 593,600 118,720 27,200 0.545 83%
Congo 64 0.90 61 3 3,067,830 50,292 14,400 0.834 95%
Cook Islands 5 0.07 5 0 14,750 2,950 450 0.208 100%
Costa Rica 13 0.18 10 3 4,087,293 408,729 5,100 0.042 77%
Croatia 21 0.30 15 6 4,706,680 235,334 19,600 0.201 95%
Cuba 5 0.07 3 2 11,403,500 3,801,167 11,400,000 0.001 60%
Curacao 6 0.08 5 1 138,400 27,680 11,400 0.300 83%
Cyprus 6 0.08 4 2 1,281,040 320,260 177,000 0.244 67%
Czech Republic 18 0.25 10 8 10,940,700 607,817 40,400 0.096 100%
Côte d’Ivoire 96 1.35 79 17 11,300,290 139,510 26,400 0.917 84%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 215 3.03 212 3 39,906,030 198,537 25,600 0.948 93%
Denmark 20 0.28 7 13 5,658,900 314,383 25,900 0.096 90%
Djibouti 10 0.14 5 5 484,900 53,878 99,200 0.571 90%
Dominica 3 0.04 3 0 52,800 17,600 10,000 0.313 100%
Dominican Republic 8 0.11 4 4 9,493,500 1,582,250 159,000 0.040 75%
East Timor 19 0.27 19 0 1,033,506 54,395 18,400 0.817 100%
Ecuador 24 0.34 23 1 14,681,255 611,719 9,500 0.188 100%
Egypt 27 0.38 12 15 80,444,600 3,351,858 450,000 0.516 89%
El Salvador 7 0.10 4 3 6,712,820 1,678,205 12,300 0.004 57%
Equatorial Guinea 14 0.20 14 0 699,039 58,253 9,000 0.284 86%
Eritrea 19 0.27 15 4 4,542,800 349,446 100,000 0.628 68%
Estonia 10 0.14 4 6 1,489,330 165,481 383,000 0.445 90%
Ethiopia 90 1.27 87 3 66,404,191 763,267 55,700 0.855 97%
Fiji 21 0.30 10 11 810,100 62,315 9,000 0.608 62%
Finland 20 0.28 12 8 5,446,660 340,416 6,000 0.121 80%
France 62 0.87 23 39 66,601,405 1,752,669 76,200 0.187 61%
French Guiana 16 0.23 13 3 79,650 7,241 1,200 0.549 69%
French Polynesia 11 0.15 9 2 259,160 23,560 3,000 0.468 100%
Gabon 43 0.61 42 1 1,315,860 32,094 6,000 0.773 95%
Gambia 24 0.34 11 13 1,351,890 71,152 67,000 0.772 79%
Georgia 28 0.39 19 9 6,185,700 237,912 40,000 0.582 93%
Germany 66 0.93 27 39 89,107,250 1,895,899 21,000 0.378 71%
Ghana 86 1.21 81 5 25,126,506 330,612 30,000 0.835 88%
Gibraltar 3 0.04 2 1 30,900 15,450 28,000 0.170 67%
Greece 23 0.32 16 7 11,508,880 605,731 30,000 0.134 83%
Greenland 2 0.03 2 0 57,830 28,915 50,000 0.234 100%
Grenada 4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300 0.064 75%
Guadeloupe 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 430,000 0.083 75%
Guam 8 0.11 2 6 151,000 30,200 62,500 0.655 62%
Guatemala 26 0.37 26 0 13,769,012 550,760 41,600 0.538 96%
Guinea 39 0.55 37 2 8,227,070 265,389 25,000 0.753 79%
Guinea-Bissau 26 0.37 22 4 1,698,740 77,215 29,900 0.867 85%
Guyana 17 0.24 14 3 669,090 60,826 1,500 0.056 65%
Haiti 3 0.04 3 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600 0.000 100%
Honduras 13 0.18 10 3 7,163,750 596,979 990 0.045 92%
Hong Kong 8 0.11 7 1 6,454,600 922,086 77,600 0.126 88%
Hungary 17 0.24 15 2 10,298,110 605,771 3,710 0.086 100%
Iceland 2 0.03 2 0 230,000 230,000 230,000 ? 50%
India 454 6.39 447 7 1,074,901,321 2,493,971 34,300 0.913 95%
Indonesia 707 9.95 706 1 220,398,286 313,958 3,500 0.815 99%
Iran 80 1.13 76 4 88,785,020 1,432,016 60,000 0.705 78%
Iraq 26 0.37 22 4 25,917,820 1,178,083 60,000 0.728 85%
Ireland 5 0.07 5 0 4,424,000 1,106,000 138,000 0.067 80%
Isle of Man 2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 85,000 0.000 100%
Israel 52 0.73 35 17 8,672,175 192,715 45,000 0.665 87%
Italy 42 0.59 35 7 80,245,830 2,111,732 100,000 0.470 90%
Jamaica 7 0.10 4 3 2,684,500 671,125 2,670,000 0.011 57%
Japan 16 0.23 15 1 123,232,863 9,479,451 5,100 0.036 81%
Jordan 16 0.23 10 6 5,084,210 391,093 50,000 0.496 81%
Kazakhstan 44 0.62 14 30 15,140,140 420,559 332,000 0.699 82%
Kenya 72 1.01 67 5 37,579,608 544,632 180,000 0.928 96%
Kiribati 3 0.04 2 1 59,290 19,763 58,300 0.033 100%
Kuwait 7 0.10 3 4 819,400 163,880 500,000 0.556 71%
Kyrgyzstan 32 0.45 5 27 5,062,800 187,511 657,000 0.670 84%
Laos 92 1.29 86 6 5,693,284 66,201 5,000 0.692 93%
Latvia 14 0.20 7 7 2,824,701 217,285 200,000 0.628 93%
Lebanon 9 0.13 6 3 4,266,900 533,362 75,000 0.161 89%
Lesotho 6 0.08 5 1 2,079,000 519,750 248,000 0.260 67%
Liberia 32 0.45 31 1 3,281,680 109,389 61,600 0.899 94%
Libya 30 0.42 8 22 5,707,470 211,388 33,000 0.496 90%
Liechtenstein 4 0.06 3 1 31,100 10,367 29,000 0.128 75%
Lithuania 12 0.17 8 4 3,524,660 352,466 258,000 0.354 83%
Luxembourg 6 0.08 3 3 447,600 74,600 82,000 0.589 100%
Macao 5 0.07 5 0 401,420 80,284 6,660 0.134 100%
Macedonia 11 0.15 10 1 2,004,550 222,728 24,800 0.487 82%
Madagascar 21 0.30 18 3 16,957,000 942,056 510,000 0.765 86%
Malawi 23 0.32 16 7 13,404,500 788,500 200,000 0.668 74%
Malaysia 146 2.05 138 8 24,355,505 261,887 3,500 0.761 64%
Maldives 2 0.03 2 0 331,000 331,000 331,000 ? 50%
Mali 70 0.99 66 4 12,373,620 184,681 25,000 0.864 96%
Malta 4 0.06 3 1 411,630 137,210 393,000 0.087 75%
Marshall Islands 2 0.03 2 0 43,900 43,900 43,900 ? 50%
Martinique 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 418,000 0.043 75%
Mauritania 10 0.14 7 3 3,214,200 535,700 180,000 0.250 60%
Mauritius 14 0.20 7 7 1,356,840 123,349 64,000 0.586 79%
Mayotte 4 0.06 3 1 134,250 44,750 39,000 0.437 75%
Mexico 288 4.05 282 6 110,118,241 389,110 4,730 0.108 98%
Micronesia 19 0.27 18 1 116,260 6,459 2,500 0.768 95%
Moldova 13 0.18 8 5 4,395,860 488,429 562,000 0.590 69%
Monaco 3 0.04 3 0 27,000 9,000 5,100 0.521 100%
Mongolia 14 0.20 12 2 2,613,100 326,638 35,000 0.187 57%
Montenegro 6 0.08 5 1 332,810 83,202 80,000 0.567 67%
Montserrat 2 0.03 2 0 7,670 3,835 7,570 0.026 100%
Morocco 14 0.20 14 0 26,663,930 2,666,393 195,000 0.472 71%
Mozambique 49 0.69 43 6 20,620,300 429,590 200,000 0.936 98%
Myanmar 117 1.65 117 0 46,528,905 404,599 15,000 0.519 98%
Namibia 38 0.53 30 8 2,147,980 59,666 12,300 0.816 95%
Nauru 9 0.13 3 6 10,010 1,668 6,000 0.596 67%
Nepal 125 1.76 120 5 26,686,940 222,391 7,780 0.756 96%
Netherlands 39 0.55 15 24 18,825,120 784,380 220,000 0.301 62%
New Caledonia 40 0.56 38 2 143,800 3,994 990 0.753 90%
New Zealand 25 0.35 4 21 4,508,030 196,001 148,000 0.280 92%
Nicaragua 11 0.15 11 0 5,595,374 559,537 3,000 0.068 91%
Niger 21 0.30 21 0 10,010,900 476,710 30,000 0.640 100%
Nigeria 529 7.44 522 7 104,278,705 216,796 13,600 0.891 91%
Niue 3 0.04 2 1 2,108 1,054 2,030 0.071 67%
Norfolk Island 2 0.03 2 0 2,080 1,040 1,680 0.311 100%
North Korea 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000 0.000 100%
Northern Mariana Islands 6 0.08 4 2 26,680 4,447 6,820 0.635 100%
Norway 16 0.23 9 7 4,805,660 400,472 4,000 0.067 75%
Oman 19 0.27 16 3 1,578,400 98,650 25,000 0.702 84%
Pakistan 77 1.08 72 5 152,371,460 2,208,282 80,000 0.795 90%
Palau 5 0.07 5 0 15,682 3,920 500 0.108 80%
Palestine 8 0.11 6 2 1,812,000 302,000 2,000 0.208 75%
Panama 19 0.27 14 5 3,752,843 288,680 18,000 0.266 68%
Papua New Guinea 838 11.79 838 0 4,123,678 4,950 1,210 0.988 99%
Paraguay 29 0.41 23 6 9,109,218 325,329 2,530 0.587 97%
Peru 94 1.32 93 1 31,669,076 344,229 5,500 0.322 98%
Philippines 193 2.72 181 12 72,208,122 392,435 21,300 0.843 95%
Pitcairn 2 0.03 2 0 36 36 36 ? 50%
Poland 20 0.28 15 5 37,864,910 2,366,557 50,000 0.065 80%
Portugal 10 0.14 10 0 10,307,500 1,030,750 15,000 0.058 100%
Puerto Rico 13 0.18 4 9 4,003,650 500,456 100,000 0.050 62%
Qatar 6 0.08 3 3 205,700 41,140 104,000 0.608 83%
Romania 22 0.31 22 0 21,863,000 1,150,684 22,000 0.167 86%
Russian Federation 139 1.96 105 34 158,381,175 1,173,194 4,800 0.251 97%
Rwanda 5 0.07 3 2 6,503,000 2,167,667 6,490,000 0.004 60%
Réunion 8 0.11 3 5 574,400 82,057 555,000 0.066 88%
Saint Barthélemy 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000 0.244 100%
Saint Kitts and Nevis 3 0.04 3 0 39,200 19,600 39,000 0.010 67%
Saint Lucia 2 0.03 2 0 159,600 79,800 158,000 0.020 100%
Saint Martin 3 0.04 3 0 22,000 7,333 5,000 0.525 100%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3 0.04 2 1 5,500 1,833 5,110 0.134 100%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400 0.010 100%
Samoa 2 0.03 2 0 199,200 99,600 199,000 0.002 100%
San Marino 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 25,000 0.000 100%
Saudi Arabia 20 0.28 5 15 16,440,720 913,373 6,000,000 0.626 90%
Senegal 47 0.66 38 9 10,795,620 239,903 18,400 0.784 96%
Serbia 20 0.28 15 5 9,634,660 535,259 120,000 0.497 90%
Seychelles 3 0.04 3 0 76,680 25,560 3,000 0.099 100%
Sierra Leone 27 0.38 25 2 5,385,380 215,415 108,000 0.845 93%
Singapore 32 0.45 24 8 3,502,170 129,710 10,000 0.756 84%
Sint Maarten 5 0.07 4 1 32,400 6,480 7,000 0.750 100%
Slovakia 12 0.17 10 2 5,451,080 495,553 10,800 0.231 92%
Slovenia 10 0.14 8 2 2,091,260 261,408 4,020 0.160 80%
Solomon Islands 71 1.00 71 0 379,923 5,351 2,940 0.968 100%
Somalia 14 0.20 13 1 8,710,659 725,888 23,000 0.404 86%
South Africa 44 0.62 28 16 52,302,399 1,376,379 235,000 0.877 86%
South Korea 3 0.04 2 1 48,581,000 24,290,500 48,400,000 0.007 67%
South Sudan 68 0.96 68 0 4,374,650 79,539 25,000 0.927 81%
Spain 22 0.31 15 7 45,461,410 2,841,338 102,000 0.277 73%
Sri Lanka 7 0.10 7 0 19,326,030 3,865,206 46,000 0.319 71%
Sudan 75 1.06 75 0 18,403,652 274,681 10,000 0.331 89%
Suriname 22 0.31 19 3 629,485 34,971 1,400 0.788 82%
Swaziland 7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 19,000 0.209 100%
Sweden 23 0.32 13 10 9,611,890 436,904 4,000 0.153 96%
Switzerland 23 0.32 12 11 7,366,030 433,296 21,000 0.556 74%
Syria 22 0.31 16 6 13,170,000 731,667 70,000 0.527 82%
São Tomé e Príncipe 5 0.07 4 1 91,480 18,296 5,000 0.390 100%
Taiwan 27 0.38 22 5 22,093,698 960,596 8,490 0.489 85%
Tajikistan 32 0.45 13 19 4,825,660 178,728 15,000 0.485 84%
Tanzania 127 1.79 126 1 43,004,690 361,384 86,000 0.855 94%
Thailand 85 1.20 73 12 51,693,913 749,187 15,000 0.740 81%
Togo 46 0.65 42 4 3,994,380 97,424 35,500 0.898 89%
Tokelau 2 0.03 2 0 1,450 725 1,410 0.054 100%
Tonga 5 0.07 3 2 97,037 24,259 96,300 0.015 80%
Trinidad and Tobago 9 0.13 8 1 2,628,100 328,512 15,600 0.597 89%
Tunisia 10 0.14 6 4 9,052,500 1,131,562 26,000 0.012 80%
Turkey 46 0.65 35 11 87,612,140 2,367,896 25,000 0.394 80%
Turkmenistan 27 0.38 4 23 4,417,220 169,893 317,000 0.385 96%
Turks and Caicos Islands 3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 10,700 0.146 67%
Tuvalu 3 0.04 3 0 11,570 5,785 10,700 0.139 67%
U.S. Virgin Islands 4 0.06 3 1 150,500 50,167 98,000 0.455 75%
Uganda 43 0.61 41 2 23,011,270 561,250 300,000 0.924 95%
Ukraine 42 0.59 24 18 43,445,216 1,206,812 144,000 0.420 86%
United Arab Emirates 35 0.49 7 28 1,773,560 68,214 100,000 0.777 74%
United Kingdom 55 0.77 13 42 60,122,900 1,336,064 60,000 0.144 82%
United States 420 5.91 215 205 278,895,782 774,711 25 0.334 86%
Uruguay 12 0.17 2 10 3,594,050 513,436 3,450,000 0.078 58%
Uzbekistan 39 0.55 9 30 21,977,893 646,409 808,000 0.426 87%
Vanuatu 116 1.63 110 6 191,691 1,682 700 0.973 98%
Vatican State 2 0.03 2 0 1,000 1,000 1,000 ? 50%
Venezuela 50 0.70 44 6 26,579,865 577,823 760 0.043 92%
Viet Nam 110 1.55 108 2 76,935,370 769,354 13,800 0.267 91%
Wallis and Futuna 3 0.04 3 0 13,340 4,447 3,600 0.407 100%
Yemen 14 0.20 10 4 15,700,000 1,570,000 57,000 0.578 71%
Zambia 55 0.77 46 9 11,419,170 253,759 36,200 0.829 82%
Zimbabwe 24 0.34 21 3 15,712,470 924,263 145,000 0.518 71%

Table 8. Linguistic diversity of countries in the world (highest to lowest)

CountryDiversityLiving languagesNumber of speakers
IndexCover-
age
TotalPer-
cent
Indige-
nous
Immi-
grant
CountMeanMedian
Papua New Guinea 0.988 99% 838 11.79 838 0 4,123,678 4,950 1,210
Vanuatu 0.973 98% 116 1.63 110 6 191,691 1,682 700
Cameroon 0.972 96% 281 3.95 280 1 9,001,726 33,217 9,000
Solomon Islands 0.968 100% 71 1.00 71 0 379,923 5,351 2,940
Central African Republic 0.959 92% 84 1.18 72 12 3,478,823 45,180 17,700
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.948 93% 215 3.03 212 3 39,906,030 198,537 25,600
Chad 0.945 90% 132 1.86 131 1 6,593,859 55,411 12,300
Mozambique 0.936 98% 49 0.69 43 6 20,620,300 429,590 200,000
Benin 0.929 96% 56 0.79 54 2 7,211,670 133,549 65,000
Kenya 0.928 96% 72 1.01 67 5 37,579,608 544,632 180,000
South Sudan 0.927 81% 68 0.96 68 0 4,374,650 79,539 25,000
Uganda 0.924 95% 43 0.61 41 2 23,011,270 561,250 300,000
Côte d’Ivoire 0.917 84% 96 1.35 79 17 11,300,290 139,510 26,400
India 0.913 95% 454 6.39 447 7 1,074,901,321 2,493,971 34,300
Liberia 0.899 94% 32 0.45 31 1 3,281,680 109,389 61,600
Togo 0.898 89% 46 0.65 42 4 3,994,380 97,424 35,500
Nigeria 0.891 91% 529 7.44 522 7 104,278,705 216,796 13,600
South Africa 0.877 86% 44 0.62 28 16 52,302,399 1,376,379 235,000
Guinea-Bissau 0.867 85% 26 0.37 22 4 1,698,740 77,215 29,900
Mali 0.864 96% 70 0.99 66 4 12,373,620 184,681 25,000
Ethiopia 0.855 97% 90 1.27 87 3 66,404,191 763,267 55,700
Tanzania 0.855 94% 127 1.79 126 1 43,004,690 361,384 86,000
Bhutan 0.851 82% 34 0.48 24 10 712,100 25,432 5,000
Sierra Leone 0.845 93% 27 0.38 25 2 5,385,380 215,415 108,000
Philippines 0.843 95% 193 2.72 181 12 72,208,122 392,435 21,300
Ghana 0.835 88% 86 1.21 81 5 25,126,506 330,612 30,000
Congo 0.834 95% 64 0.90 61 3 3,067,830 50,292 14,400
Zambia 0.829 82% 55 0.77 46 9 11,419,170 253,759 36,200
East Timor 0.817 100% 19 0.27 19 0 1,033,506 54,395 18,400
Namibia 0.816 95% 38 0.53 30 8 2,147,980 59,666 12,300
Indonesia 0.815 99% 707 9.95 706 1 220,398,286 313,958 3,500
Pakistan 0.795 90% 77 1.08 72 5 152,371,460 2,208,282 80,000
Afghanistan 0.790 98% 41 0.58 40 1 22,964,800 574,120 8,000
Suriname 0.788 82% 22 0.31 19 3 629,485 34,971 1,400
Senegal 0.784 96% 47 0.66 38 9 10,795,620 239,903 18,400
Angola 0.778 97% 38 0.53 38 0 16,070,730 434,344 43,900
United Arab Emirates 0.777 74% 35 0.49 7 28 1,773,560 68,214 100,000
Gabon 0.773 95% 43 0.61 42 1 1,315,860 32,094 6,000
Gambia 0.772 79% 24 0.34 11 13 1,351,890 71,152 67,000
Micronesia 0.768 95% 19 0.27 18 1 116,260 6,459 2,500
Madagascar 0.765 86% 21 0.30 18 3 16,957,000 942,056 510,000
Burkina Faso 0.762 93% 71 1.00 69 2 10,755,830 162,967 21,000
Malaysia 0.761 64% 146 2.05 138 8 24,355,505 261,887 3,500
Belize 0.758 100% 13 0.18 8 5 282,190 21,707 16,100
Nepal 0.756 96% 125 1.76 120 5 26,686,940 222,391 7,780
Singapore 0.756 84% 32 0.45 24 8 3,502,170 129,710 10,000
Guinea 0.753 79% 39 0.55 37 2 8,227,070 265,389 25,000
New Caledonia 0.753 90% 40 0.56 38 2 143,800 3,994 990
Sint Maarten 0.750 100% 5 0.07 4 1 32,400 6,480 7,000
Thailand 0.740 81% 85 1.20 73 12 51,693,913 749,187 15,000
Iraq 0.728 85% 26 0.37 22 4 25,917,820 1,178,083 60,000
Iran 0.705 78% 80 1.13 76 4 88,785,020 1,432,016 60,000
Oman 0.702 84% 19 0.27 16 3 1,578,400 98,650 25,000
Kazakhstan 0.699 82% 44 0.62 14 30 15,140,140 420,559 332,000
Belgium 0.697 72% 29 0.41 10 19 12,751,700 607,224 600,000
Laos 0.692 93% 92 1.29 86 6 5,693,284 66,201 5,000
Kyrgyzstan 0.670 84% 32 0.45 5 27 5,062,800 187,511 657,000
Malawi 0.668 74% 23 0.32 16 7 13,404,500 788,500 200,000
Israel 0.665 87% 52 0.73 35 17 8,672,175 192,715 45,000
Andorra 0.664 100% 4 0.06 4 0 73,500 18,375 27,600
Bahrain 0.663 75% 12 0.17 4 8 557,600 61,956 300,000
Guam 0.655 62% 8 0.11 2 6 151,000 30,200 62,500
Niger 0.640 100% 21 0.30 21 0 10,010,900 476,710 30,000
Northern Mariana Islands 0.635 100% 6 0.08 4 2 26,680 4,447 6,820
Eritrea 0.628 68% 19 0.27 15 4 4,542,800 349,446 100,000
Latvia 0.628 93% 14 0.20 7 7 2,824,701 217,285 200,000
Saudi Arabia 0.626 90% 20 0.28 5 15 16,440,720 913,373 6,000,000
Fiji 0.608 62% 21 0.30 10 11 810,100 62,315 9,000
Qatar 0.608 83% 6 0.08 3 3 205,700 41,140 104,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.601 75% 8 0.11 4 4 4,007,000 667,833 1,480,000
Canada 0.601 89% 173 2.43 88 85 32,882,142 213,520 410
Trinidad and Tobago 0.597 89% 9 0.13 8 1 2,628,100 328,512 15,600
Nauru 0.596 67% 9 0.13 3 6 10,010 1,668 6,000
Brunei 0.590 82% 17 0.24 15 2 345,195 24,657 10,000
Moldova 0.590 69% 13 0.18 8 5 4,395,860 488,429 562,000
Luxembourg 0.589 100% 6 0.08 3 3 447,600 74,600 82,000
Paraguay 0.587 97% 29 0.41 23 6 9,109,218 325,329 2,530
Mauritius 0.586 79% 14 0.20 7 7 1,356,840 123,349 64,000
Georgia 0.582 93% 28 0.39 19 9 6,185,700 237,912 40,000
Yemen 0.578 71% 14 0.20 10 4 15,700,000 1,570,000 57,000
Djibouti 0.571 90% 10 0.14 5 5 484,900 53,878 99,200
Montenegro 0.567 67% 6 0.08 5 1 332,810 83,202 80,000
Albania 0.563 100% 10 0.14 8 2 3,003,786 300,379 15,200
Kuwait 0.556 71% 7 0.10 3 4 819,400 163,880 500,000
Switzerland 0.556 74% 23 0.32 12 11 7,366,030 433,296 21,000
Bolivia 0.551 95% 44 0.62 42 2 13,996,655 333,254 500
French Guiana 0.549 69% 16 0.23 13 3 79,650 7,241 1,200
Cayman Islands 0.547 100% 3 0.04 1 2 43,010 14,337 20,000
Comoros 0.545 83% 6 0.08 6 0 593,600 118,720 27,200
Guatemala 0.538 96% 26 0.37 26 0 13,769,012 550,760 41,600
Syria 0.527 82% 22 0.31 16 6 13,170,000 731,667 70,000
Saint Martin 0.525 100% 3 0.04 3 0 22,000 7,333 5,000
Monaco 0.521 100% 3 0.04 3 0 27,000 9,000 5,100
Myanmar 0.519 98% 117 1.65 117 0 46,528,905 404,599 15,000
Zimbabwe 0.518 71% 24 0.34 21 3 15,712,470 924,263 145,000
Egypt 0.516 89% 27 0.38 12 15 80,444,600 3,351,858 450,000
Antigua and Barbuda 0.515 100% 4 0.06 2 2 135,000 33,750 67,000
Botswana 0.511 95% 39 0.55 29 10 1,549,120 41,868 5,000
China 0.511 98% 301 4.24 298 3 1,212,660,788 4,124,697 27,700
Serbia 0.497 90% 20 0.28 15 5 9,634,660 535,259 120,000
Jordan 0.496 81% 16 0.23 10 6 5,084,210 391,093 50,000
Libya 0.496 90% 30 0.42 8 22 5,707,470 211,388 33,000
Taiwan 0.489 85% 27 0.38 22 5 22,093,698 960,596 8,490
Macedonia 0.487 82% 11 0.15 10 1 2,004,550 222,728 24,800
Tajikistan 0.485 84% 32 0.45 13 19 4,825,660 178,728 15,000
Morocco 0.472 71% 14 0.20 14 0 26,663,930 2,666,393 195,000
Italy 0.470 90% 42 0.59 35 7 80,245,830 2,111,732 100,000
French Polynesia 0.468 100% 11 0.15 9 2 259,160 23,560 3,000
Azerbaijan 0.457 92% 37 0.52 17 20 8,400,700 247,079 20,000
U.S. Virgin Islands 0.455 75% 4 0.06 3 1 150,500 50,167 98,000
Belarus 0.447 91% 11 0.15 2 9 9,463,600 946,360 6,670,000
Estonia 0.445 90% 10 0.14 4 6 1,489,330 165,481 383,000
Mayotte 0.437 75% 4 0.06 3 1 134,250 44,750 39,000
Uzbekistan 0.426 87% 39 0.55 9 30 21,977,893 646,409 808,000
Ukraine 0.420 86% 42 0.59 24 18 43,445,216 1,206,812 144,000
Wallis and Futuna 0.407 100% 3 0.04 3 0 13,340 4,447 3,600
Somalia 0.404 86% 14 0.20 13 1 8,710,659 725,888 23,000
Turkey 0.394 80% 46 0.65 35 11 87,612,140 2,367,896 25,000
São Tomé e Príncipe 0.390 100% 5 0.07 4 1 91,480 18,296 5,000
Bahamas 0.386 100% 4 0.06 2 2 295,100 73,775 225,000
Bangladesh 0.386 96% 45 0.63 41 4 142,218,220 3,307,400 15,000
Turkmenistan 0.385 96% 27 0.38 4 23 4,417,220 169,893 317,000
Germany 0.378 71% 66 0.93 27 39 89,107,250 1,895,899 21,000
Algeria 0.354 71% 21 0.30 18 3 33,001,300 2,200,087 76,300
Lithuania 0.354 83% 12 0.17 8 4 3,524,660 352,466 258,000
United States 0.334 86% 420 5.91 215 205 278,895,782 774,711 25
Sudan 0.331 89% 75 1.06 75 0 18,403,652 274,681 10,000
Aruba 0.328 60% 5 0.07 4 1 74,290 24,763 9,000
Peru 0.322 98% 94 1.32 93 1 31,669,076 344,229 5,500
Sri Lanka 0.319 71% 7 0.10 7 0 19,326,030 3,865,206 46,000
Dominica 0.313 100% 3 0.04 3 0 52,800 17,600 10,000
Norfolk Island 0.311 100% 2 0.03 2 0 2,080 1,040 1,680
Netherlands 0.301 62% 39 0.55 15 24 18,825,120 784,380 220,000
Curacao 0.300 83% 6 0.08 5 1 138,400 27,680 11,400
Equatorial Guinea 0.284 86% 14 0.20 14 0 699,039 58,253 9,000
New Zealand 0.280 92% 25 0.35 4 21 4,508,030 196,001 148,000
Spain 0.277 73% 22 0.31 15 7 45,461,410 2,841,338 102,000
Viet Nam 0.267 91% 110 1.55 108 2 76,935,370 769,354 13,800
Panama 0.266 68% 19 0.27 14 5 3,752,843 288,680 18,000
Lesotho 0.260 67% 6 0.08 5 1 2,079,000 519,750 248,000
Russian Federation 0.251 97% 139 1.96 105 34 158,381,175 1,173,194 4,800
Mauritania 0.250 60% 10 0.14 7 3 3,214,200 535,700 180,000
Cyprus 0.244 67% 6 0.08 4 2 1,281,040 320,260 177,000
Saint Barthélemy 0.244 100% 3 0.04 3 0 7,850 2,617 1,000
Greenland 0.234 100% 2 0.03 2 0 57,830 28,915 50,000
Slovakia 0.231 92% 12 0.17 10 2 5,451,080 495,553 10,800
Bulgaria 0.217 82% 17 0.24 11 6 7,970,840 569,346 10,600
Australia 0.211 97% 244 3.43 213 31 17,573,909 74,466 29
Swaziland 0.209 100% 7 0.10 5 2 1,105,900 157,986 19,000
Cook Islands 0.208 100% 5 0.07 5 0 14,750 2,950 450
Palestine 0.208 75% 8 0.11 6 2 1,812,000 302,000 2,000
Croatia 0.201 95% 21 0.30 15 6 4,706,680 235,334 19,600
Ecuador 0.188 100% 24 0.34 23 1 14,681,255 611,719 9,500
France 0.187 61% 62 0.87 23 39 66,601,405 1,752,669 76,200
Mongolia 0.187 57% 14 0.20 12 2 2,613,100 326,638 35,000
Gibraltar 0.170 67% 3 0.04 2 1 30,900 15,450 28,000
Argentina 0.168 89% 36 0.51 21 15 43,346,270 1,354,571 8,410
British Virgin Islands 0.167 100% 2 0.03 2 0 21,700 10,850 19,700
Romania 0.167 86% 22 0.31 22 0 21,863,000 1,150,684 22,000
Lebanon 0.161 89% 9 0.13 6 3 4,266,900 533,362 75,000
Slovenia 0.160 80% 10 0.14 8 2 2,091,260 261,408 4,020
Sweden 0.153 96% 23 0.32 13 10 9,611,890 436,904 4,000
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.146 67% 3 0.04 2 1 11,620 5,810 10,700
United Kingdom 0.144 82% 55 0.77 13 42 60,122,900 1,336,064 60,000
Anguilla 0.141 100% 2 0.03 2 0 12,450 6,225 11,500
Tuvalu 0.139 67% 3 0.04 3 0 11,570 5,785 10,700
American Samoa 0.137 83% 6 0.08 2 4 61,100 12,220 56,700
Greece 0.134 83% 23 0.32 16 7 11,508,880 605,731 30,000
Macao 0.134 100% 5 0.07 5 0 401,420 80,284 6,660
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.134 100% 3 0.04 2 1 5,500 1,833 5,110
Liechtenstein 0.128 75% 4 0.06 3 1 31,100 10,367 29,000
Hong Kong 0.126 88% 8 0.11 7 1 6,454,600 922,086 77,600
Armenia 0.125 91% 11 0.15 7 4 3,361,230 336,123 45,000
Austria 0.122 74% 19 0.27 11 8 8,364,070 597,434 18,000
Finland 0.121 80% 20 0.28 12 8 5,446,660 340,416 6,000
Cambodia 0.116 89% 27 0.38 22 5 13,728,360 572,015 6,540
Mexico 0.108 98% 288 4.05 282 6 110,118,241 389,110 4,730
Palau 0.108 80% 5 0.07 5 0 15,682 3,920 500
Seychelles 0.099 100% 3 0.04 3 0 76,680 25,560 3,000
Czech Republic 0.096 100% 18 0.25 10 8 10,940,700 607,817 40,400
Denmark 0.096 90% 20 0.28 7 13 5,658,900 314,383 25,900
Barbados 0.094 100% 3 0.04 2 1 269,290 89,763 256,000
Malta 0.087 75% 4 0.06 3 1 411,630 137,210 393,000
Hungary 0.086 100% 17 0.24 15 2 10,298,110 605,771 3,710
Guadeloupe 0.083 75% 4 0.06 3 1 449,300 149,767 430,000
Uruguay 0.078 58% 12 0.17 2 10 3,594,050 513,436 3,450,000
Bermuda 0.076 100% 2 0.03 1 1 65,610 32,805 63,000
Niue 0.071 67% 3 0.04 2 1 2,108 1,054 2,030
Nicaragua 0.068 91% 11 0.15 11 0 5,595,374 559,537 3,000
Ireland 0.067 80% 5 0.07 5 0 4,424,000 1,106,000 138,000
Norway 0.067 75% 16 0.23 9 7 4,805,660 400,472 4,000
Réunion 0.066 88% 8 0.11 3 5 574,400 82,057 555,000
Poland 0.065 80% 20 0.28 15 5 37,864,910 2,366,557 50,000
Grenada 0.064 75% 4 0.06 4 0 92,250 30,750 2,300
Portugal 0.058 100% 10 0.14 10 0 10,307,500 1,030,750 15,000
Guyana 0.056 65% 17 0.24 14 3 669,090 60,826 1,500
Brazil 0.054 94% 228 3.21 215 13 192,250,368 894,188 210
Tokelau 0.054 100% 2 0.03 2 0 1,450 725 1,410
Puerto Rico 0.050 62% 13 0.18 4 9 4,003,650 500,456 100,000
Chile 0.047 69% 16 0.23 10 6 14,137,613 1,285,238 8,200
Honduras 0.045 92% 13 0.18 10 3 7,163,750 596,979 990
Martinique 0.043 75% 4 0.06 3 1 427,330 142,443 418,000
Venezuela 0.043 92% 50 0.70 44 6 26,579,865 577,823 760
Costa Rica 0.042 77% 13 0.18 10 3 4,087,293 408,729 5,100
Dominican Republic 0.040 75% 8 0.11 4 4 9,493,500 1,582,250 159,000
Japan 0.036 81% 16 0.23 15 1 123,232,863 9,479,451 5,100
Kiribati 0.033 100% 3 0.04 2 1 59,290 19,763 58,300
Montserrat 0.026 100% 2 0.03 2 0 7,670 3,835 7,570
Colombia 0.021 94% 87 1.22 84 3 42,759,220 521,454 1,100
Saint Lucia 0.020 100% 2 0.03 2 0 159,600 79,800 158,000
Tonga 0.015 80% 5 0.07 3 2 97,037 24,259 96,300
Tunisia 0.012 80% 10 0.14 6 4 9,052,500 1,131,562 26,000
Jamaica 0.011 57% 7 0.10 4 3 2,684,500 671,125 2,670,000
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.010 67% 3 0.04 3 0 39,200 19,600 39,000
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.010 100% 4 0.06 3 1 138,700 34,675 400
South Korea 0.007 67% 3 0.04 2 1 48,581,000 24,290,500 48,400,000
El Salvador 0.004 57% 7 0.10 4 3 6,712,820 1,678,205 12,300
Rwanda 0.004 60% 5 0.07 3 2 6,503,000 2,167,667 6,490,000
Burundi 0.002 100% 4 0.06 3 1 10,009,460 2,502,365 6,360
Samoa 0.002 100% 2 0.03 2 0 199,200 99,600 199,000
Cuba 0.001 60% 5 0.07 3 2 11,403,500 3,801,167 11,400,000
Haiti 0.000 100% 3 0.04 3 0 6,960,600 2,320,200 600
Isle of Man 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 85,000 42,500 85,000
San Marino 0.000 100% 2 0.03 2 0 25,000 12,500 25,000
British Indian Ocean Territory 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 3,500 3,500 3,500
North Korea 0.000 100% 1 0.01 1 0 23,300,000 23,300,000 23,300,000