Ethnologue: Language Family Index

Afro-Asiatic

Afro-Asiatic (371)
Berber (29)
Eastern (3)
Awjila-Sokna (2):
AWJILAH [AUJ] (Libya)
SAWKNAH [SWN] (Libya)
Siwa (1):
SIWI [SIZ] (Egypt)
Guanche (1):
GUANCHE [GNC] (Spain)
Northern (20)
Atlas (3):
JUDEO-BERBER [JBE] (Israel)
TACHELHIT [SHI] (Morocco)
TAMAZIGHT, CENTRAL ATLAS [TZM] (Morocco)
Kabyle (1):
KABYLE [KYL] (Algeria)
Zenati (16)
East (7):
DUWINNA [DUH] (Tunisia)
GHADAMÈS [GHA] (Libya)
JABAL NAFUSAH [JBN] (Libya)
JERBA [JEA] (Tunisia)
SENED [SDS] (Tunisia)
TAMEZRET [TMZ] (Tunisia)
ZUARA [ZOU] (Libya)
Ghomara (1):
GHOMARA [GHO] (Morocco)
Mzab-Wargla (4):
TAGARGRENT [OUA] (Algeria)
TAZNATIT [GRR] (Algeria)
TEMACINE TAMAZIGHT [TJO] (Algeria)
TUMZABT [MZB] (Algeria)
Riff (2):
SENHAJA DE SRAIR [SJS] (Morocco)
TARIFIT [RIF] (Morocco)
Shawiya (1):
CHAOUIA [SHY] (Algeria)
Tidikelt (1):
TIDIKELT TAMAZIGHT [TIA] (Algeria)
Tamasheq (4)
Northern (1):
TAMAHAQ, HOGGAR [THV] (Algeria)
Southern (3):
TAMAJEQ, AIR [THZ] (Niger)
TAMAJEQ, TAHOUA [TTQ] (Niger)
TAMASHEQ, KIDAL [TAQ] (Mali)
Zenaga (1):
ZENAGA [ZEN] (Mauritania)
Chadic (192)
Biu-Mandara (77)
A (63)
A.1 (6)
Eastern (4):
BOGA [BOD] (Nigeria)
GA'ANDA [GAA] (Nigeria)
HWANA [HWO] (Nigeria)
THIR [TWI] (Nigeria)
Western (2):
JARA [JAF] (Nigeria)
TERA [TER] (Nigeria)
A.2 (7)
1 (3):
BURA-PABIR [BUR] (Nigeria)
CIBAK [CKL] (Nigeria)
PUTAI [MFL] (Nigeria)
2 (3):
HUBA [KIR] (Nigeria)
MARGHI CENTRAL [MAR] (Nigeria)
MARGHI SOUTH [MFM] (Nigeria)
A.2 (7):
NGGWAHYI [NGX] (Nigeria)
A.3 (4):
BANA [FLI] (Nigeria)
HYA [HYA] (Cameroon)
KAMWE [HIG] (Nigeria)
PSIKYE [KVJ] (Cameroon)
A.4 (9)
Lamang (3):
HEDI [TUR] (Cameroon)
LAMANG [HIA] (Nigeria)
MABAS [VEM] (Nigeria)
Mandara Proper (6)
Glavda (4):
DGHWEDE [DGH] (Nigeria)
GEVOKO [NGS] (Nigeria)
GLAVDA [GLV] (Nigeria)
GUDUF [GDF] (Nigeria)
Mandara (1):
WANDALA [MFI] (Cameroon)
Podoko (1):
PARKWA [PBI] (Cameroon)
A.5 (20):
BALDAMU [BDN] (Cameroon)
CUVOK [CUV] (Cameroon)
DUGWOR [DME] (Cameroon)
GADUWA [GDW] (Cameroon)
GEMZEK [GND] (Cameroon)
GIZIGA, NORTH [GIS] (Cameroon)
GIZIGA, SOUTH [GIZ] (Cameroon)
MADA [MXU] (Cameroon)
MAFA [MAF] (Cameroon)
MATAL [MFH] (Cameroon)
MBUKO [MQB] (Cameroon)
MEFELE [MFJ] (Cameroon)
MELOKWO [MLW] (Cameroon)
MEREY [MEQ] (Cameroon)
MOFU, NORTH [MFK] (Cameroon)
MOFU, SOUTH [MIF] (Cameroon)
MUYANG [MUY] (Cameroon)
PELASLA [MLR] (Cameroon)
WUZLAM [UDL] (Cameroon)
ZULGWA [ZUL] (Cameroon)
A.6 (1):
SUKUR [SUK] (Nigeria)
A.7 (5):
BUWAL [BHS] (Cameroon)
DABA [DAB] (Cameroon)
GAVAR [GOU] (Cameroon)
MBEDAM [XMD] (Cameroon)
MINA [HNA] (Cameroon)
A.8 (11):
BACAMA [BAM] (Nigeria)
BATA [BTA] (Nigeria)
GUDE [GDE] (Nigeria)
GUDU [GDU] (Nigeria)
JIMI [JIM] (Cameroon)
NGWABA [NGW] (Nigeria)
NZANYI [NJA] (Nigeria)
SHARWA [SWQ] (Cameroon)
TSUVAN [TSH] (Cameroon)
VIN [FLE] (Nigeria)
ZIZILIVEKEN [ZIZ] (Cameroon)
B (13)
B.1 (10)
Buduma (1):
BUDUMA [BDM] (Chad)
Jina (2):
JINA [JIA] (Cameroon)
MAJERA [XMJ] (Cameroon)
Kotoko Proper (6):
AFADE [AAL] (Nigeria)
LAGWAN [KOT] (Cameroon)
MALGBE [MXF] (Cameroon)
MASLAM [MSV] (Cameroon)
MPADE [MPI] (Cameroon)
MSER [KQX] (Cameroon)
B.1 (10):
JILBE [JIE] (Nigeria)
B.2 (3):
MBARA [MPK] (Chad)
MUSGU [MUG] (Cameroon)
MUSKUM [MJE] (Chad)
C (1):
GIDAR [GID] (Cameroon)
East (32)
A (16)
A.1 (8)
1 (5):
GADANG [GDK] (Chad)
MIRE [MVH] (Chad)
NDAM [NDM] (Chad)
SOMRAI [SOR] (Chad)
TUMAK [TMC] (Chad)
2 (1):
MILTU [MLJ] (Chad)
A.1 (8):
BUSO [BSO] (Chad)
SARUA [SWY] (Chad)
A.2 (6)
1 (3):
KIMRÉ [KQP] (Chad)
LELE [LLN] (Chad)
NANCERE [NNC] (Chad)
2 (3):
GABRI [GAB] (Chad)
KABALAI [KVF] (Chad)
TOBANGA [TNG] (Chad)
A.3 (2):
KERA [KER] (Chad)
KWANG [KVI] (Chad)
B (16)
B.1 (12)
1 (6):
BIDIYO [BID] (Chad)
DANGALÉAT [DAA] (Chad)
JONKOR BOURMATAGUIL [JEU] (Chad)
MAWA [MCW] (Chad)
MOGUM [MOU] (Chad)
UBI [UBI] (Chad)
2 (3):
KAJAKSE [CKQ] (Chad)
MASMAJE [MES] (Chad)
MUBI [MUB] (Chad)
B.1 (12):
BIRGIT [BTF] (Chad)
MIGAAMA [MMY] (Chad)
TORAM [TRJ] (Chad)
B.2 (1):
MOKULU [MOZ] (Chad)
B.3 (3):
BAREIN [BVA] (Chad)
SABA [SAA] (Chad)
SOKORO [SOK] (Chad)
Masa (9):
HERDÉ [HED] (Chad)
MARBA [MPG] (Chad)
MASANA [MCN] (Chad)
MESME [ZIM] (Chad)
MONOGOY [MCU] (Chad)
MUSEY [MSE] (Chad)
NGETE [NNN] (Chad)
PEVÉ [LME] (Chad)
ZUMAYA [ZUY] (Cameroon)
Unclassified (1):
AJAWA [AJW] (Nigeria)
West (72)
A (43)
A.1 (2):
GWANDARA [GWN] (Nigeria)
HAUSA [HUA] (Nigeria)
A.2 (19)
Bole (11)
Bole Proper (10):
BELE [BXQ] (Nigeria)
BOLE [BOL] (Nigeria)
DENO [DBB] (Nigeria)
GALAMBU [GLO] (Nigeria)
GERA [GEW] (Nigeria)
GERUMA [GEA] (Nigeria)
GIIWO [KKS] (Nigeria)
KUBI [KOF] (Nigeria)
MAAKA [MEW] (Nigeria)
NGAMO [NBH] (Nigeria)
Karekare (1):
KAREKARE [KAI] (Nigeria)
Tangale (8)
Dera (1):
DERA [KNA] (Nigeria)
Tangale Proper (7):
BILIRI [BIA] (Nigeria)
KUPTO [KPA] (Nigeria)
KUSHI [KUH] (Nigeria)
KWAAMI [KSQ] (Nigeria)
PERO [PIP] (Nigeria)
PIYA [PIY] (Nigeria)
TANGALE [TAN] (Nigeria)
A.3 (12)
Angas Proper (11)
1 (5):
ANGAS [ANC] (Nigeria)
JORTO [JRT] (Nigeria)
KOFYAR [KWL] (Nigeria)
MISHIP [CHP] (Nigeria)
MWAGHAVUL [SUR] (Nigeria)
2 (6):
GOEMAI [ANK] (Nigeria)
KOENOEM [KCS] (Nigeria)
MONTOL [MTL] (Nigeria)
PYAPUN [PCW] (Nigeria)
TAL [TAL] (Nigeria)
WEDU [WEU] (Nigeria)
Yiwom (1):
YIWOM [GEK] (Nigeria)
A.4 (9)
Fyer (2):
FYER [FIE] (Nigeria)
TAMBAS [TDK] (Nigeria)
Ron Proper (7):
DAFFO-BATURA [DAM] (Nigeria)
KARFA [KBZ] (Nigeria)
KULERE [KUL] (Nigeria)
MUNDAT [MMF] (Nigeria)
RON [CLA] (Nigeria)
SHA [SCW] (Nigeria)
SHAGAWU [ROA] (Nigeria)
Unclassified (1):
DAZA [DZD] (Nigeria)
B (29)
B.1 (5)
Bade Proper (3):
BADE [BDE] (Nigeria)
NGIZIM [NGI] (Nigeria)
TESHENAWA [TWC] (Nigeria)
Duwai (1):
DUWAI [DBP] (Nigeria)
B.1 (5):
AUYOKAWA [AUO] (Nigeria)
B.2 (9):
DIRI [DWA] (Nigeria)
JIMBIN [JMB] (Nigeria)
KARIYA [KIL] (Nigeria)
MBURKU [BBT] (Nigeria)
MIYA [MKF] (Nigeria)
PA'A [AFA] (Nigeria)
SIRI [SIR] (Nigeria)
TSAGU [TGD] (Nigeria)
WARJI [WJI] (Nigeria)
B.3 (15)
Boghom (3):
BOGHOM [BUX] (Nigeria)
KIR-BALAR [KKR] (Nigeria)
MANGAS [MAH] (Nigeria)
Eastern (1):
JIMI [JMI] (Nigeria)
Guruntum (4):
GURUNTUM-MBAARU [GRD] (Nigeria)
JU [JUU] (Nigeria)
TALA [TAK] (Nigeria)
ZANGWAL [ZAH] (Nigeria)
Zaar Proper (5):
GEJI [GEZ] (Nigeria)
POLCI [POL] (Nigeria)
SAYA [SAY] (Nigeria)
ZARI [ZAZ] (Nigeria)
ZEEM [ZUA] (Nigeria)
B.3 (15):
BARAWA [BWR] (Nigeria)
DASS [DOT] (Nigeria)
Chadic (192):
LURI [LDD] (Nigeria)
Cushitic (47)
Central (5)
Eastern (1):
XAMTANGA [XAN] (Ethiopia)
Northern (1):
BILEN [BYN] (Eritrea)
Southern (2):
AWNGI [AWN] (Ethiopia)
KUNFAL [XUF] (Ethiopia)
Western (1):
AGAW, WESTERN [QIM] (Ethiopia)
East (34)
Dullay (3):
BUSSA [DOX] (Ethiopia)
GAWWADA [GWD] (Ethiopia)
TSAMAI [TSB] (Ethiopia)
Highland (7):
ALABA [ALB] (Ethiopia)
BURJI [BJI] (Ethiopia)
GEDEO [DRS] (Ethiopia)
HADIYYA [HDY] (Ethiopia)
KAMBAATA [KTB] (Ethiopia)
LIBIDO [LIQ] (Ethiopia)
SIDAMO [SID] (Ethiopia)
Konso-Gidole (2):
DIRASHA [GDL] (Ethiopia)
KOMSO [KXC] (Ethiopia)
Oromo (6):
GARREH-AJURAN [GGH] (Kenya)
ORMA [ORC] (Kenya)
OROMO, BORANA-ARSI-GUJI [GAX] (Ethiopia)
OROMO, QOTU [HAE] (Ethiopia)
OROMO, WEST-CENTRAL [GAZ] (Ethiopia)
SANYE [SSN] (Kenya)
Rendille-Boni (2):
BONI [BOB] (Kenya)
RENDILLE [REL] (Kenya)
Saho-Afar (2):
AFAR [AFR] (Ethiopia)
SAHO [SSY] (Eritrea)
Somali (6):
DABARRE [DBR] (Somalia)
GARRE [GEX] (Somalia)
JIIDDU [JII] (Somalia)
MAAY [QMA] (Somalia)
SOMALI [SOM] (Somalia)
TUNNI [TQQ] (Somalia)
Unclassified (1):
BOON [BNL] (Somalia)
Western Omo-Tana (4):
ARBORE [ARV] (Ethiopia)
BAISO [BSW] (Ethiopia)
DAASANECH [DSH] (Ethiopia)
EL MOLO [ELO] (Kenya)
Yaaku (1):
YAAKU [MUU] (Kenya)
North (1):
BEDAWI [BEI] (Sudan)
South (7):
AASÁX [AAS] (Tanzania)
BURUNGE [BDS] (Tanzania)
CHASI [WBJ] (Tanzania)
DAHALO [DAL] (Kenya)
GOROWA [GOW] (Tanzania)
IRAQW [IRK] (Tanzania)
KW'ADZA [WKA] (Tanzania)
Egyptian (1):
COPTIC [COP] (Egypt)
Omotic (28)
North (24)
Dizoid (3):
DIZI [MDX] (Ethiopia)
NAYI [NOZ] (Ethiopia)
SHEKO [SHE] (Ethiopia)
Gonga-Gimojan (17)
Gimojan (13)
Janjero (1):
YEMSA [JNJ] (Ethiopia)
Ometo-Gimira (12)
Chara (1):
CHARA [CRA] (Ethiopia)
Gimira (1):
BENCH [BCQ] (Ethiopia)
Ometo (10)
Central (5):
DORZE [DOZ] (Ethiopia)
GAMO-GOFA-DAWRO [GMO] (Ethiopia)
MELO [MFX] (Ethiopia)
OYDA [OYD] (Ethiopia)
WOLAYTTA [WBC] (Ethiopia)
East (3):
KACHAMA-GANJULE [KCX] (Ethiopia)
KOORETE [KQY] (Ethiopia)
ZAYSE-ZERGULLA [ZAY] (Ethiopia)
South (1):
MALE [MDY] (Ethiopia)
West (1):
BASKETTO [BST] (Ethiopia)
Gonga (4)
Central (1):
ANFILLO [MYO] (Ethiopia)
North (1):
BORO [BWO] (Ethiopia)
South (2):
KAFICHO [KBR] (Ethiopia)
SHAKACHO [MOY] (Ethiopia)
Mao (4)
East (1):
BAMBASSI [MYF] (Ethiopia)
West (3):
GANZA [GZA] (Ethiopia)
HOZO [HOZ] (Ethiopia)
SEZE [SZE] (Ethiopia)
South (4):
AARI [AIZ] (Ethiopia)
DIME [DIM] (Ethiopia)
HAMER-BANNA [AMF] (Ethiopia)
KARO [KXH] (Ethiopia)
Semitic (73)
Central (55)
Aramaic (16)
Eastern (14)
Central (11)
Northeastern (9):
ASSYRIAN NEO-ARAMAIC [AII] (Iraq)
CHALDEAN NEO-ARAMAIC [CLD] (Iraq)
HÉRTEVIN [HRT] (Turkey)
HULAULÁ [HUY] (Israel)
KOI-SANJAQ SOORET [KQD] (Iraq)
LISHANA DENI [LSD] (Israel)
LISHANÁN [TRG] (Israel)
LISHANID NOSHAN [AIJ] (Israel)
SENAYA [SYN] (Iran)
Northwestern (2):
MLAHSÓ [QMQ] (Syria)
TUROYO [SYR] (Turkey)
Mandaic (2):
MANDAIC, CLASSICAL [MYZ] (Iran)
MANDAIC [MID] (Iran)
Eastern (14):
SYRIAC [SYC] (Turkey)
Western (2):
SAMARITAN ARAMAIC [SRA] (Palestinian West Bank and Gaza)
WESTERN NEO-ARAMAIC [AMW] (Syria)
South (39)
Arabic (36):
ARABIC, ALGERIAN SAHARAN SPOKEN [AAO] (Algeria)
ARABIC, ALGERIAN SPOKEN [ARQ] (Algeria)
ARABIC, BAHARNA SPOKEN [AFH] (Bahrain)
ARABIC, CHADIAN SPOKEN [SHU] (Chad)
ARABIC, CYPRIOT SPOKEN [ACY] (Cyprus)
ARABIC, DHOFARI SPOKEN [ADF] (Oman)
ARABIC, EGYPTIAN SPOKEN [ARZ] (Egypt)
ARABIC, GULF SPOKEN [AFB] (Iraq)
ARABIC, HADRAMI SPOKEN [AYH] (Yemen)
ARABIC, HASSANIYA [MEY] (Mauritania)
ARABIC, HIJAZI SPOKEN [ACW] (Saudi Arabia)
ARABIC, JUDEO-IRAQI [YHD] (Israel)
ARABIC, JUDEO-MOROCCAN [AJU] (Israel)
ARABIC, JUDEO-TRIPOLITANIAN [YUD] (Israel)
ARABIC, JUDEO-TUNISIAN [AJT] (Israel)
ARABIC, JUDEO-TUNISIAN [AJT] (Tunisia)
ARABIC, JUDEO-YEMENI [JYE] (Israel)
ARABIC, LIBYAN SPOKEN [AYL] (Libya)
ARABIC, MESOPOTAMIAN SPOKEN [ACM] (Iraq)
ARABIC, MOROCCAN SPOKEN [ARY] (Morocco)
ARABIC, NAJDI SPOKEN [ARS] (Saudi Arabia)
ARABIC, NORTH LEVANTINE SPOKEN [APC] (Syria)
ARABIC, NORTH MESOPOTAMIAN SPOKEN [AYP] (Iraq)
ARABIC, NORTHEAST EGYPTIAN BEDAWI SPOKEN [AVL] (Egypt)
ARABIC, OMANI SPOKEN [ACX] (Oman)
ARABIC, SA<IDI SPOKEN [AEC] (Egypt)
ARABIC, SANAANI SPOKEN [AYN] (Yemen)
ARABIC, SHIHHI SPOKEN [SSH] (United Arab Emirates)
ARABIC, SOUTH LEVANTINE SPOKEN [AJP] (Jordan)
ARABIC, STANDARD [ABV] (Saudi Arabia)
ARABIC, SUDANESE SPOKEN [APD] (Sudan)
ARABIC, TA'IZZI-ADENI [ACQ] (Yemen)
ARABIC, TAJIKI SPOKEN [ABH] (Tajikistan)
ARABIC, TUNISIAN SPOKEN [AEB] (Tunisia)
JAKATI [JAT] (Moldova)
MALTESE [MLS] (Malta)
Canaanite (3):
HEBREW, ANCIENT [HBO] (Israel)
HEBREW [HBR] (Israel)
SAMARITAN [SMP] (Palestinian West Bank and Gaza)
South (18)
Ethiopian (12)
North (3):
GEEZ [GEE] (Ethiopia)
TIGRÉ [TIE] (Eritrea)
TIGRINYA [TGN] (Ethiopia)
South (9)
Outer (3)
n-Group (2):
GAFAT [GFT] (Ethiopia)
GURAGE, NORTH [GRU] (Ethiopia)
tt-Group (1):
GURAGE, WEST [GUY] (Ethiopia)
Transversal (6):
AMHARIC [AMH] (Ethiopia)
ARGOBBA [AGJ] (Ethiopia)
GURAGE, EAST [GRE] (Ethiopia)
HARARI [HAR] (Ethiopia)
MESMES [MYS] (Ethiopia)
ZAY [ZWA] (Ethiopia)
South Arabian (6):
BATHARI [BHE] (Oman)
HARSUSI [HSS] (Oman)
HOBYOT [HOH] (Oman)
JIBBALI [SHV] (Oman)
MEHRI [MHR] (Oman)
SOQOTRI [SQT] (Yemen)
Unclassified (1):
BIRALE [BXE] (Ethiopia)

Part of the Ethnologue Language Family Index, Joseph E. Grimes and Barbara F. Grimes, Editors.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

Send corrections and updates on the content of the Ethnologue, with your sources, to: [email protected]

Send questions on how to use this Web presentation of the Ethnologue to: [email protected]

[Language Family Index | Ethnologue Home Page | SIL Home Page]