A language of South Africa


6,860,000 in South Africa (2011 census), decreasing. Population total all countries: 7,096,810. L2 users: 10,300,000 in South Africa.


Widespread, but fewer speakers in East Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Art 6(1)).


Cape Afrikaans (West Cape Afrikaans), East Cape Afrikaans, Orange River Afrikaans. A variant of the Dutch [nld] spoken by the 17th century colonists, with some lexical and syntactic borrowings from Malay [zlm], Bantu languages, Khoisan languages, Portuguese [por], and other European languages.

Language Use

Some also use English [eng].

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1933–2000.

Braille script [Brai], used since 1953. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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