A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Bongo, Nu Baca, Southern Yambassa, Yambassa

4,500 (2007 SIL). 0 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,000.


Centre region: Mbam-and-Inoubou division, Bokito subdivision, Yangben canton, south of Yangben, Bongo village, 8 quartiers: Puéméné, Galala, Bupili, Buyatolo, Gafogo, Buaya, Ganok, and Nikoss.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Center Nubaca, Kélendé, Nibiég. No significant dialect differences. Not intelligible with other Yambassa language varieties. Lexical similarity: 59% with Mbule [mlb], 66% with Yangben [yav], 55% with Elip [ekm], and 58% with Mmaala [mmu] (2015 G. Boyd).

Language Use

Some indication speakers want to retain Nubaca. Some young people, all adults. Neutral to positive attitudes. Also use northern dialects of Bassa [bas]. Few also use Ewondo [ewo]. Use Ewondo [ewo] in the Catholic Church. Most also use French [fra]. Also use Nugunu [yas]. Used as L2 by Bati [btc].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%. Dictionary.

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.