A language of Tanzania

Alternate Names
Bulunge, Burunga Iso, Burungi, Kiburunge, Mbulungi, Mbulungwe

13,000 (2002). Ethnic population: 30,000 (Dimmendaal 2007).


Dodoma region: Kondoa district, southeast of Langi [lag] language area, Goima, Chambalo, and Mirambu villages; Manyara region.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Lexically similar with Gorowa [gow] and Iraqw [irk], 65% with Alagwa [wbj] (Aweki 1996); relatively high similarity between Alagwa and Burunge, despite their belonging to separate branches of the same language family according to their grammars (Kiessling 2003).


SOV; prepositions, genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; 5 suffixes; verbal suffixes mark person, number, gender of subject; preverbal clitics mark person of subject; causatives; CV, CVV, CVC (restriction on second CCV); tonal.

Language Use

Formerly felt inhibited to speak Burunge in public, but now less common as more and more publications are printed in Burunge. Home, field, some in churches. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Langi [lag], Swahili [swh].

Language Development
No L1 literacy rate reported. Transitional and basic literacy taught for about 10 years. Poetry. Newspapers. Grammar. Bible portions: 2008–2011.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.