A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Baying, Bayung, Kiranti-Bayung

11,700 (2011 census).


Sagarmatha Zone, northeast Okhaldhunga district, Harkapur, Ragdip, Bigutar, Baruneswor, Okhaldhunga, Rumjatar, Barnalu, Mamkha, Ratmate, Serna, Diyale, and Bhadaure VDCs (Rumdali dialect); mid southeastern Okhaldhunga district, Ketuke, Moli, Waksa, and Ubu VDCs (Tolocha dialect); Solukhumbu district south tip, Necha Batase and Sallyan VDCs; Khotang district; Kathmandu.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.


Hangu, Moblocha, Nechali, Rumdali, Tolacha. 85% or above intelligibility among all dialects. Rumdali is best understood among all Bahing dialects (Lee et al 2005); Bahing is more homogeneous than most Kiranti languages. Related to Sunwar [suz]. Lexical similarity: 83%–95% with dialects, 48% with Sunwar [suz] (Lee et al 2005).



Language Use

Reportedly still used often by younger generation. Shift to Nepali [npi] relatively low (Winter and Hanson 1991); High vitality (Lee et al. 2005). Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Positive attitudes. 40% have inadequate Nepali [npi] proficiency to understand or discuss complicated or abstract concepts. (Lee et al 2005). Used as L2 by Bantawa [bap], Nepali [npi], Thulung [tdh], Wambule [wme].

Language Development
Bahing orthography introduced through community-based development efforts. Two books published (2009). Bahing orthography being promoted for use by the whole Bahing community. Poetry. Magazines. Radio programs. Dictionary.

Devanagari script [Deva]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.