A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Bual, Gadala, Ma Buwal

10,000 (2004 SIL), increasing.


Far North region: Mayo-Tsanaga division, Mokolo subdivision, Gadala area, south of Mokolo.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Distinct phonological, grammatical and sociolinguistic differences with Gavar [gou]. Lexical similarity: 90% with Gavar [gou].

Language Use

Most domains. All ages. Neutral attitudes. Also use Adamawa Fulfulde [fub] in markets and churches. Schooling is in French [fra]. Some also use Gavar [gou]. Used as L2 by Gavar [gou], Mafa [maf], Mbudum [xmd].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 30% Fulfulde [fub], 20% French (est.). L1 literacy is new. Bible portions.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Outsiders’ name for Buwal is often Gadala, which is not offensive to Buwal speakers. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.