Bengkala Sign Language


A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Benkala Sign Language, Kata Kolok

41 (2007 SIL). More than 1,200 Kata Kolok signers; about 50 of them are deaf (2011 C. de Vos). 40 monolinguals.


Java and Bali provinces, Bali island, Buleleng regency, Bengkala village.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. A school for the deaf 18 km away uses only Indonesian Sign Language [inl]. 2 Bengkala signers now go to this school and have become bilingual. There are 3 bilingual Bengkala signers.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%. Literacy rate in L2: About 5% in Indonesian [ind]. In 2007 a local school was set up for deaf children in the village which uses Kata Kolok as a language of instruction. Taught in primary schools.
Other Comments

In the linguistic literature the language is referred to as Kata Kolok which means ‘deaf language’ in Balinese [ban].