A language of United States


2,100 (Golla 2007). Spoken by 1,700 in Montana, 400 in Oklahoma (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 4,000 (Golla 2007). In Montana.


Northern Cheyenne Reservation, southeastern Montana; associated with Arapaho in western Oklahoma.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Language Use

Summer camp for children in Montana where Cheyenne taught by fluent speakers (1998). Taught in Dull Knife Memorial College and at Saint Labre Indian School in Montana (Golla 2007). Middle-aged or older in Oklahoma, some children in Montana. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–100%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1934–2007.

Latin script [Latn].