A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Aba, Kondoma Tatar, Kuznets Tatar, Mras Tatar, Shortsy, Tom-Kuznets Tatar

2,840 (2010 census). 50 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 12,900 (2010 census).


Kemerovskaya Oblast’; scattered throughout Russian Federation.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Kondoma, Mrassa (Mrasu). Some sources combine Shor and Chulym [clw].

Language Use

Few domains except perhaps family. Mostly middle-aged or older (Salminen 2007). Neutral to strongly positive attitudes. All except 50 monolinguals also speak Russian [rus].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 95% in Russian. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2004–2011.

Cyrillic script [Cyrl], Altai missionaries developed first alphabet in 1880s. Latin script [Latn], used from 1930 to 1938.

Other Comments

Different from Shor dialect of Khakas [kjh]. Study of Shor revived; language association formed; chair of Shor created at Pedagogical University in Novokuznetsk (1996 I. Nevskaya). Traditional religion, Christian.