Cree, Southern East


A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Eastern James Bay Cree Southern Dialect, James Bay Cree Southern Dialect

7,310 (1997 MSSS).


Quebec, southeastward from James Bay, inland to the watershed east of Lake Mistissini. Coastal communities of Waskaganish, some in Eastmain. Inland, in Mistissini, Waswanipi, Nemaska, Ouje-Bougoumo.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Palatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup. Sometimes classified as Montagnais. A member of macrolanguage Cree [cre].

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Algonquin [alq].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 15%–20%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%. Language of instruction in lower grades, taught as a subject in upper grades. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2001.

Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], uses eastern finals.