A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Danuwar Rai, Danwar, Denwar, Dhanvar, Dhanwar

45,800 (2011 census), decreasing. 0 monolinguals (Toba, Toba, and Rai 2005). Ethnic population: 53,200.


Narayani Zone, Makwanpur; Janakpur Zone, Sindhuli; Bagmati Zone, Kabhrepalanchok and Lalitpur Districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Danuwar.


Bakultar Danuwar, Dukuchhap Danuwar, Judigaon Danuwar, Kamala Khonch Danuwar, Panchkhal Danuwar, Sindhuli Danuwar. Danuwar Kachariya in Rautahat and elsewhere is probably distinct from Danuwar [dhw]. The dialects spoken in Bakultar, Panchkhal, Judigaon (Kabhrepalanchok) district are mutually intelligible, whereas the dialects spoken in Dukuchhap (Lalitpur district) and Sindhuli are different.


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; 1 prefix, up to 4 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and gender of subject; ergativity; both tense and aspect; no passives and voice; nontonal; 29 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Rapidly assimilating to Nepali [npi] (Van Driem 2007). Home, religion; mixed use: Friends, work. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Neutral attitudes. Also use Eastern Tamang [taj] at work and with friends in Kabhre district. Also use Nepali [npi] at work and with friends in Kabhre district.

Language Development
Although some people are writing in Danuwari, no data is available on L1 literacy. Radio programs. Dictionary.

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, traditional religion.