A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Duka, Dukanchi, Dukanci, Dukawa, Dukwa

73,000 (1985 P. Ahmed). 10,000 outside the traditional area.


Kebbi state: Wasagu and Yauri LGAs; Niger state: Rijau LGA; migrants south. Dialect centers: Rijau-Senjir, Dukku-Iri, Zente-Dogo, and Darengi.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Eastern Duka (Et-Hun, Hun, Hune), Western Duka (Es-Saare). Lexical similarity: 85% between the Rijau and Dukku dialects; 63% Duka with ut-Ma’in [gel], 50% with C’lela [dri], 47% with Gwamhi-Wuri [bga].

Language Use

All ages. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Tsuvadi [tvd].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 2%. Grammar. Bible portions: 1974–2003.

Latin script [Latn], used since 2002.

Other Comments

Glossonym: Es-Saare by Dukawa from the west, just as they refer to their own. Traditional religion, Muslim.