Maninkakan, Eastern


A language of Guinea

Alternate Names
Eastern Malinke, Kankan Maninka, Malinké, Mande, Maninka, Southern Maninka

3,000,000 in Guinea (2012 V. Vydrin). 73,500 Wasulu. Population total all countries: 3,531,800. L2 users: L2 for a considerable part of non-Manding population of Guinea, especially in the Guinée Forestière Region.


Widespread and in all urban areas.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity.


Amana (Kourousa), Baliya, Gbereduu, Maninka-Mori (Mori), Toron, Wasulunkakan (Wasolon Maninka, Wassulu, Wassulunka, Wassulunke, Wasuu). Maninka of Liberia is the same as Maninka of Guinea (Eastern Maninkakan). Bambara [bam] of Mali and parts of Senegal is not vastly different. Eastern Maninkakan of Côte d’Ivoire is reportedly similar to Bambara; Western Maninkakan [mlq] of south central and southeast Senegal is considerably different. Lexical similarity: 92% with Wasulunkakan dialect, 79% with Sankaran Maninka [msc], 72% with Konyanka Maninka [mku]. A member of macrolanguage Mandingo [man].

Language Use

Used as L2 by Guinea Kpelle [gkp], Kakabe [kke], Kono [knu], Kuranko [knk], Lele [llc], Mano [mev], Manya [mzj], Northern Kissi [kqs], Pular [fuf], Toma [tod].

Language Development
Dictionary. NT: 1932–1966.

Arabic script [Arab]. Latin script [Latn]. N’Ko script [Nkoo], used in Guinea.

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