Chin, Matu


A language of Myanmar

Alternate Names
Nga La

30,000 in Myanmar (2012). Population total all countries: 40,000.


Chin State, Matupi township.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Ciing (Langle-Tamtlaih, Ngaleng, Phaneng, Siing, Vuitu), Doem (Ngatu, Valang), Langle-Tamtlaih, Ngala (Batu), Ngaleng, Phaneng, Thlangpang (Changpyang). Not intelligible with Haka Chin [cnh]. Mizoram Matu reportedly not intelligible with Myanmar varieties. There are many Matu varieties in Myanmar, all intelligible to some extent with each other. Lexical similarity: 78%–89% within Matu varieties in Myanmar, 65%–76% with Rawngtu Chin [weu], 66%–71% with Thaiphum Chin [cth].


SOV; negation is marked after the verb.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Burmese [mya], Haka Chin [cnh]. Used as L2 by Thaiphum Chin [cth].

Language Development
Dictionary. NT: 1999–2000.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The Chin in Mindat Township refer to all the Matu as Batu, but the Matu use this name only for the area around Matupi Town. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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