A language of China

Alternate Names
Baihong, Hao-Bai, Haoni, Ho, Ouni, Uni, Woni

140,000 (Bradley 2007).


South Yunnan Province, east Simao prefecture, Mojiang Hani, Pu’er Hani, Yi, and Dai autonomous counties; Yuxi municipal prefecture, Yuanjiang Hani, Yi, and Dai autonomous counties.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Hani.


Baihong, Haoni. Dialects may be separate languages.

Language Use

Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 70%. Observed functional literacy in Chinese is low. Official literacy rate for the Hani nationality is registered much higher.

Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], no longer in use, used in ritual texts and folk literature.

Other Comments

Language is distinct from Hani proper. Traditional religion, Christian.