A language of India

Alternate Names
Kowohans, Kurichchan, Kurichchia, Kurichia, Kurichiyars, Kuruchans

29,400 (2004 survey). Ethnic population: 32,800 (2001 census).


Kerala, Wayanad district, Mananthavady and Vythiri tahsils; Kannur and Kozhikode districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Kunnam, Wayanad. Lexical similarity: 60%–66% between dialects; Wayanad dialect 67%–71% with Malayalam [mal].

Language Use

Shifting to Malayalam [mal], more in Kunnam than in Wayanad dialect. All are bilingual in Malayalam, but less than half with good proficiency. Many prefer Malayalam over their mother tongue and think children should learn Malayalam first. Possible reluctance to use mother tongue outside of village domain.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 68% (2001 census). Grammar.

Malayalam script [Mlym].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Consider themselves higher caste than Brahmin. An endangered language (Central Institute of Indian Languages). Further study is being done at Annamalai University. Hindu, Christian, traditional religion.