A language of Korea, South

Alternate Names
Hanguk Mal, Hanguk Uh

48,400,000 in Korea, South (2010). Population total all countries: 77,155,030.



Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). De facto national language.


Cheju Island, Chollado (North Chollado, South Chollado), Ch’ungch’ongdo (North Ch’ungch’ong, South Ch’ungch’ong), Kyongsangdo (North Kyongsangdo, South Kyongsangdo), Seoul (Kangwondo, Kyonggido). Scholars differ as to whether or not Korean is related to Japanese [jpn]. Some suggest that both languages are possibly distantly related to the Altaic group. Dialect boundaries generally correspond to provincial boundaries. Some dialects are not easily intelligible with others (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977). The suffix, -do, on dialect names means Province. Comprehension of standard Korean may be lower on Cheju Island.



Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 98% (1995). Higher adult illiteracy is reported on Cheju Island. Fully developed. Bible: 1911–1993.

Braille script [Brai]. Hangul and Han scripts [Kore], primary usage. Latin script [Latn], used for maps and signs.

Other Comments

Jeju (Cheju) has been identified as a language separate from Cheju Island dialect of Korean, but not yet assigned an ISO code (Moseley 2010). Buddhist, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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