Kurumba, Mullu


A language of India


26,000 (2004 survey). 25,000 in Wayanad; 1,000 in Gudalur of Nilgiri.


Kerala, east Wayanad district, Sulthan Bathery and Vythiri tahsils; Tamil Nadu, Nilgiri district, west Gudalur tahsil, Erumad and Cherangodu villages, 10 hamlets.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Lexical similarity: 89%–92% between Mullu Kurumba varieties in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, 73%–77% with Malayalam [mal], 56%–65% with Tamil [tam], 22%–36% with Kannada Kurumba [kfi], 29%–41% with other Kurumba languages.

Language Use

Use is declining. Home, village, religious services. Positive attitudes. Also use Malayalam [mal].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Favorable motivation toward literacy.
Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Mullukuruman and Mullukurumbar are sometimes referred to as different tribes. Kuruman are in Kerala and Kurumbar in Tamil Nadu. Linguistically can be considered one group. Traditional religion, Hindu.