A language of Senegal

Alternate Names
Jola-Karone, Kaloon, Karone, Karoninka, Kouloonaay

9,000 in Senegal (2007), increasing. Population total all countries: 15,000. A few hundred elderly monolinguals.


Ziguinchor region: north from Bliss Island, Kalisseye Inlet to Casamance river, to The Gambia border; east to Dioloulou, Kafountine area extends north to Brikama (The Gambia); Karon islands.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Lexical similarity: 64% with Mlomp [mlo], the most similar (Jola) language.

Language Use

Home, market. All ages. Positive attitudes. Most men under 50 years of age and women under 35 years of age use some French [fra]. Also use Jola-Fonyi [dyo], Mandinka [mnk], Wolof [wol].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Kaloon. Strong desire to develop the language and preserve the culture.

Also spoken in:

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