Mixtec, Amoltepec


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Mixteco de Amoltepec, Western Sola de Vega Mixtec

5,630 (2000 INALI). 500 monolinguals (2005 census). Ethnic population: 12,000.


South Santiago Amoltepec municipality, Oaxaca, Sola de Vega district west edge, Santiago Amoltepec municipality, Las Cuevas, La Mesilla, El Armadillo, El Mamey, El Zapote, Colonia de Jesús, Barranca Oscura, Llano Tigre, Llano Conejo, El Cocal, El Laurel, and La Tortuga. 20 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


None known. 63% intelligibility of Ixtayutla [vmj], 52% of Pinotepa Nacional [mio], 46% of Yosondúa [mpm], 42% of Southwestern Tlaxiaco Mixtec [meh], 32% of Zacatepec [mza], 25% of San Juan Colorado [mjc], 20% of Jamiltepec [mxt], 15% of Chayuco [mih]. People manage to communicate with Ixtayutla, but not Yosondúa, Zacatepec, or Jamiltepec.


VSO; prepositions; head-genitive; article-noun; number-noun; noun-adj; question word initial; no casemarking affixes; verb clitics may substitute for free subjects; non-ergative; causative prefix on verbs; comparatives: x big-more face y; CV, CCV, and (max) CCCVC; tonal.

Language Use

Functionally monolingual parents pass Mixtec on to children. There are 2 or 3 villages, apparently founded by outsiders, with no Mixtec speakers. In all other villages, there are Mixtec speakers, but in some, very few children learn it; in others, most of them learn it (2011). Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Negative to neutral attitudes, but older adults want to preserve it. A few also use English [eng]. Some in Amoltepec center also use basic Spanish [spa], but those in outlying rancherías quite monolingual. Communication often carried on in 2 languages; one may speak Mixtec and the other Spanish. Many children speak Spanish more than Mixtec, though they may know Mixtec. In some communities, they no longer learn to speak Mixtec. Used as L2 by Ixtayutla Mixtec [vmj].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%. Schools through 6th grade. Secundaria and Colegio de Bachilleres del Estado de Oaxaca in Amoltepec City. Bible portions: 2007.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.