Malaccan Creole Portuguese


A language of Malaysia

Alternate Names
Bahasa Geragau, Bahasa Serani, Kristang, Luso-Malay, Malacca Creole, Malaccan, Malaqueiro, Malaquenho, Malaquense, Malaquês, Malayo-Portuguese, Malaysian Creole Portuguese, Papia Cristao, Papia Kristang, Português de Malaca, Portuguese Patois, Serani

2,150 (Bradley 2007). Ethnic population: 10,000 (Bradley 2007). L2 users: Also spoken as L2 by some Chinese shopkeepers in Hilir.


Peninsular, Straits of Malacca,Trankera and Hilir, Melaka. Related varieties in parts of Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

English [eng] is rapidly becoming the dominant language among the younger generation. Mainly adults 50 and older, about one-third of young adults, some children (Bradley 2007). Some older women use some English [eng]. Most also use local varieties of Malaysian English. Most also use local varieties of market Malay [zlm].

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1884.

Latin script [Latn], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Kristang (or Papia Cristao), also name for religion. Variety in Pulau Tikus spoken more in 1997 than in 1987.