Miao, Western Xiangxi


A language of China

Alternate Names
Eastern Miao, Ghao-Xong, Hsianghsi Miao, Huayuan Miao, Meo Do, Northern Miao, Red Meo, Red Miao, West Hunan Miao, Western Ghao-Xong, Western West-Hunan Miao

820,000 (Wang Fushi and Mao Zhongwu 1995), decreasing.


Northwest Hunan Province, Huadan, Fenghuang, Baojing, Jishou, Guzhang, Longshan, and Xinhuang Mayang counties; northeast Guizhou Province, Songtao county, Tongren and southeast Chongqing municipalities; Xiushan and Youyang counties; southwest Hubei Province, Xuan’en county; north Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Hechi municipality; Nandan county.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Miao.


None known. Inherently unintelligible of other Miao varieties. A member of macrolanguage Hmong [hmn].

Language Use

Vigorous, strong sense of ethnic identity. Most domains except education. Positive attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 40% or more. Dictionary.

Latin script [Latn], pinyin-based, 1951–1956, 1958–1969, and from 1978, experimental.

Other Comments

Traditional religion.