A language of Afghanistan

Alternate Names
Munjani, Munjigi, Munjiwar

5,300 (2008 D. Beyer and S. Beck). Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,300.


Northeastern Afghanistan, Badakhshan Province, Kuran wa Munjan district, in the Munjan and Mamalgha valleys.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Statutory language of provincial identity in Badakhshan Province (2004, Constitution, Article 16(2)).


Northern Munji, Southern Munji. Northern Munji and Southern Munji are mutually intelligible. The differences are found mostly in regular sound changes and some lexical items. Lexical similarity: 68% among dialects, 56%–80% with Yidgha [ydg] in Pakistan.

Language Use

Speakers view it as their secret language, and they perceive it as an advantage to have a language that is not commonly understood by outsiders. Home, community, at school. All ages. Positive attitudes. Nearly all adults also speak Dari [prs].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Poetry. Dictionary.

Arabic script [Arab], in development.

Other Comments

Little contact with Yidgha [ydg]. Muslim (Ismaili).