A language of China

Alternate Names
Boba, Manyak, Menya, Minyag, Minyak, Miyao, Munya

10,000 (Bradley 2007), decreasing. 2,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 15,000 (Bradley 2007).


West central Sichuan Province, Kangbo (Kangding) and Jiulong (Gyaisi), Ganzi (Garzê) Tibetan autonomous prefecture, Simian (Shimian) county, Ya’an district.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Tibetan.


Eastern Muya, Western Muya. Dialects reportedly not mutually inherently intelligible. Loanwords from Tibetan and Chinese.


SOV; adjectives and number-classifier constructions follow noun heads; compounding; affixation; reduplication; consonant cluster onsets; tense-lax vowel distinction; nasalized vowels; tonal, 4 tones.

Language Use

All village domains. All ages. Neutral attitudes. 3,000 also use Khams Tibetan [khg]. In the west, they tend to be more fluent in Tibetan. 7,000 also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. In the east, they tend to be more fluent in Chinese.

Language Development
Videos. Dictionary. OT.
Other Comments

Consider themselves Tibetan. Proper Tibetan Wylie spelling: Minyag. Buddhist (Lamaist).