Hmong Daw


A language of China

Alternate Names
Bai Miao, Banded Arm Hmong, Hmong Dao, Hmong Dleu, Hmong Qua Mpa, Meo Do, Meo Kao, Mong Do, Mong Trang, Pe Miao, Peh Miao, Striped Arm Hmong, Striped Hmong, White Hmong, White Lum, White Meo, White Miao

233,000 in China (2004). Population total all countries: 1,698,400. Ethnic population: All Hmong in China: 8,950,000 (2000 census).


South and southwest Guizhou Province, northwest Guangxi, southeast and southwest Yunnan provinces.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Miao.


None known. Largely intelligible with Hmong Njua [hnj], but sociolinguistic factors require separate literature for Hmong Daw. A member of macrolanguage Hmong [hmn].


Tonal, 7 tones.

Language Use

All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 42% in Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible: 2000.

Lao script [Laoo]. Latin script [Latn], used since 1953, primary usage. Miao (Pollard) script [Plrd], used in China. Pahawh Hmong script [Hmng], used since 1959. Thai script [Thai], used in Thailand.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All