Naga, Tangkhul


A language of Myanmar

Alternate Names
Somara, Somra

4,000 (2004 SIL).


Sagain, south Layshi township, Somra tract; Homalin township.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Somra. Very little dialect variation within Tangkhul (Somra) Naga. Somra village is the prestige dialect. Lexical similarity: 93%–94% with Tangkhul (Somra) Naga, 31% with Tangkhul Naga [nmf] in India, 51%–52% with Akyaung Ari Naga [nqy], 29%–32% with Koki Naga [nxk].

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Burmese [mya]. Used as L2 by Akyaung Ari Naga [nqy], Koki Naga [nxk].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Bible: 1989.

Latin script [Latn], based on the Somra village dialect.

Other Comments

Included in official ethnic group list as Tangkhul. The Koki Naga [nxk] and Akyaung Ari Naga [nqy] in Myanmar are included tribally within Tangkhul, but their languages are quite distinct. The Tangkhul (Somra) Naga [ntx] language in Myanmar is very different from Tangkhul (Ukhrul) Naga [nmf] in India. Christian, Buddhist, traditional religion.