A language of China

Alternate Names
Bê, Limkow, Linkow, Ongbe, Ong-Be, Vo Limkou

600,000 (2000 Liang Min). 350,000 Lincheng, 170,000 Qiongshan. 100,000 monolinguals.


Hainan Province, north central coast, Lingao county, parts of Danxian, Chengmai, and Qiongshan counties, Haikou city suburbs.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Han.


Lincheng (Lingao Proper-Dengmai), Qiongshan.


SVO; Lincheng reportedly has 7 tone categories, Qiongshan 13. Loans from Cantonese [yue] and Hainan variety of Min Nan Chinese [nan].

Language Use

Vigorous. Other speakers in the area use it. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Urban residents also use Hainan dialect of Min Nan Chinese [nan]. 300,000 also speak Chinese, 200,000 use the Hainan dialect, 100,000 speaking Jun or Danzhou dialects. Chinese used in secondary schools.

Language Development
Chinese characters read with Lingao pronounciation. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.