Otomi, Eastern Highland


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Eastern Otomi, Otomí de Huehuetla, Otomí de la Sierra, Otomi de la Sierra Madre Oriental, Otomi de la Sierra Oriental, Otomí del Oriente, Sierra Oriental Otomi, Yuhu

49,300 (2007). 4,700 monolinguals.


Otomi-Tepehua, Otomi de la Sierra Baja, Hidalgo, Huehuetla and San Bartolo Tutotepec municipalities; Veracruz-Llave, Ixhuatlan de Madero and Tlachichilco municipalities; Puebla, Pantepec, Tlaxco, Tlacuilotepec and Pahuatlan municipalities.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. 81% intelligibility of Tenango [otn] (most similar), 51% of Mezquital [ote], 70%–79% of Texcatepec [otx].


VOS; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal.

Language Use

Indigenous teachers teach L1 literacy. Positive attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 40%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1974–2009.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.