A language of China

Alternate Names
Bo-I, Bui, Buyei, Buyi, Buyui, Chung-Chia, Dioi, Giay, Pui, Pu-I, Pujai, Pu-Jui, Puyi, Puyoi, Shuihu, Tujia, Zhongjia

2,600,000 in China (2000 census). Population total all countries: 2,649,200. Ethnic population: 2,950,000 (2000 census).


South and southwest Guizhou Province, Guizhou-Yunnan plateau, mainly Buyi-Miao and Miao-Dong autonomous prefectures, Zhenning and Guanling counties; Yunnan Province, Luoping county; Sichuan Province, Ningnan and Huidong counties.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Bouyei.


Qiannan (Bouyei 1, Southern Guizhou), Qianxi (Bouyei 3, Western Guizhou), Qianzhong (Bouyei 2, Central Guizhou).


SVO; modifiers follow heads; highly monosyllabic; tonal, 6 tone categories in open syllables and 4 in closed syllables.

Language Use

Vigorous. Rare oral use in local administration, commerce, education. All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], Sui [swi]. Used as L2 by Bu-Nao Bunu [bwx], Mak [mkg], T’en [tct].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Very low. Literacy rate in L2: 76% (2000 census). Poetry. Films. Dictionary.

Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], dating from late Ming/early Qing dynasty, limited use in ritual texts and folk literature. Latin script [Latn], used since 1982, experimental, small-scale use in education and literature in China.

Other Comments

Ethnonym: Giay in Viet Nam. Quinnan hua (Quinnan speech) also refers to a dialect of southwestern Mandarin spoken in Guizhou, and should not be confused with the Qiannan Bouyei dialect. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.

Also spoken in:

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